Fundamentals

What are the different types of operating expenses?
Learn about the different types of operating expenses and how they impact companies. Some are fixed costs while others are ... 
Besides free cash flow to equity (FCFE), what are other metrics for estimating a ...
Learn about metrics used to calculate a company's value, including capital expenditure, revenue expenditure, pricetoearnings ... 
What is considered a good net debttoequity ratio?
Learn about the maximum acceptable debt to equity ratio, what it means about a company's capital structure and why the optimal ... 
Can private investors benefit from collateralized debt obligations (CDO)?
Learn who participates in the industry of collateralized debt obligations or CDOs. Get a general idea of how money is generated ... 
Besides operating leverage, what are other important forms of leverage for businesses?
Learn about what other forms of leverage exist for businesses besides operational leverage, and the primary leverage metrics ... 
How far above the hurdle rate makes for a good investment?
Find out how the hurdle rate is related to the internal rate of return. Learn how the two factors assist financial leaders ... 
Why These are 2015's Top 3 Travel Industry Stocks
These three travelrelated companies are growing their businesses on both the top and bottom lines. Here's why. 
How do operating expenses affect profit?
Explore how operating expenses and the cost of goods sold can either increase or decrease a company's profits on an income ... 
What is the difference between the capital adequacy ratio and the leverage ratio?
Explore what differentiates the capital adequacy ratio from any one of several leverage ratios used for equity evaluation ... 
How does working capital management affect corporate earnings?
Understand why it is critically important for companies to efficiently manage their working capital and how working capital ... 
How does the bottom line affect shareholder returns?
Understand the two factors that cause the bottom line of a company to affect the returns to its shareholders. Learn how a ... 
How can you calculate free cash flow to equity (FCFE) in Excel?
Learn about Free Cash Flow (FCF) and Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE) calculations, as well as how businesses may calculate ... 
What level of return on equity is common for a company in the banking sector?
Discover what the average return on equity (ROE) ratio is for companies in the banking industry, and understand the significance ... 
Where did DuPont Analysis come from?
Learn the origins of the DuPont Analysis and how it evaluates the company's financial health by looking at more than profit ... 
How should I interpret a company's Cash Flow from Financing (CFF)?
Find out how to interpret a company's cash flow from financing activities, or CFF, within the context of a larger corporate ... 
What valuable information can a company's Additional Paid in Capital provide to potential ...
See how potential investors can sometimes use Additional Paid in Capital to assess the level of shareholder confidence in ... 
In what situations does it benefit a company to buy back outstanding shares?
Learn about the reasons a company may choose to buy back its outstanding shares, such as reducing the cost of capital and ... 
What is the average pricetoearnings ratio in the banking sector?
Explore the price/earnings ratio in regard to the banking industry and learn what the average P/E ratio is for most banking ... 
What is considered to be a healthy accounts payable turnover ratio?
Learn the significance of the accounts payable turnover ratio and what investors and analysts commonly consider a good ratio ... 
What is the average pricetobook ratio for a bank?
Learn what the average price to book (P/B) ratio is in the banking industry and how the P/B evaluation is used when analyzing ... 
Why should I look at other aspects of the company, rather than just the bottom line?
Understand the limitations of the bottom line figure on a company's income statement and why it is insufficient for evaluating ... 
What do efficiency ratios measure?
Learn about efficiency ratios, what they measure, how to calculate commonly used efficiency ratios and how to interpret these ... 
What are some strategies companies commonly use to reduce their debt to capital ratio?
Explore the different strategies that companies can employ and steps that can be taken to reduce a company's debt to capital ... 
What are the disadvantages of the FIFO accounting method?
Learn how the FIFO accounting method differs from the LIFO method and the primary disadvantages for a company using the FIFO ... 
Which financial ratios are considered to be efficiency ratios?
Learn about efficiency ratios, what financial ratios are considered efficiency ratios, and how to calculate three different ... 
Does a high efficiency ratio mean that the company is profitable?
Understand the variety of efficiency ratios and why a high efficiency ratio does not necessarily mean a company is operating ... 
What is the historical market risk premium?
Learn what the historical market risk premium is and the different figures that result from an analyst's choice of calculations ... 
How can I calculate the hurdle rate in Excel?
Learn how to evaluate potential investments. Common desktop software provides functions that can help make the decision with ... 
What is the difference between a collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and an asset ...
Discover the relationships between assetbacked securities (ABS), collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) and mortgagebacked ... 
Why does executive compensation facilitate when a company buys back its stock?
Learn about how companies use stock buybacks in order to facilitate executive compensation and why the practice is very controversial. 
What ratios are most commonly used to judge working capital management?
Learn about the various working capital ratios that investors and analysts consider when evaluating a company's financial ... 
What would cause a decrease in accumulated depreciation?
Understand what causes a decrease in a company's accumulated depreciation. Learn why a company's accumulated depreciation ... 
Is the bottom line the best representation of a company's financial strength?
Learn about the important factors determining a company's financial strength. Find out what net profit can tell you about ... 
How can a company with a positive bottom line be more risky than one with a negative ...
Discover which factors contribute to risk when buying stock. Learn about the impacts of capital structure and cash flow on ... 
How can I use the debttocapital ratio to evaluate a stock?
Understand the significance of the debt to capital ratio of financial leverage, and learn how investors and analysts make ... 
Does a high debt to capital ratio make a company a bad investment?
Understand the debt to capital ratio and why a high debt to capital ratio doesn't necessarily mean that a stock is a bad ... 
What is the difference between operating leverage and financial leverage?
Discover the two equity valuation metrics, operating leverage and financial leverage, how they are similar and what differentiates ... 
What risks does an entrepreneur face?
Find out if you have what it takes to overcome the challenges and risks associated with starting a business and becoming ... 
Who sets the global standard to stop money laundering and how is it implemented?
Find out how the Financial Action Task Force and International Monetary Fund are working to resolve the problems of money ... 
Unlocking The P/E Ratio For Apple
We show you how to compute and analyze the P/E ratio for Apple. 
Analyzing Google's Balance Sheet
We take a look at Google's balance sheet to learn about the health of the company and how well it is run. 
How does JIT (just in time) production affect ROI (return on investment)?
Learn about the "just in time" production strategy and how this ondemand system affects return on investment by reducing ... 
What can shareholders vote on?
Understand the usual voting rights of common stock shareholders, along with the importance of shareholders exercising their ... 
How do you use internal rate of return to calculate a capital budget?
Learn about how the internal rate of return is used in the creation of a capital budget along with net present value and ... 
How should I analyze a company's financial statements?
Discover how investors and analysts use a company’s financial statements to evaluate a company's financial health and investment ... 
Are These 2015's 10 Best Telecom Stocks?
Telecom stocks offer generous dividend yields, but it's imperative to make sure those dividends are likely to stay in place. ... 
What are the main benefits of a JIT (just in time) production strategy?
Learn about the just in time (JIT) business strategy and how using an ondemand production process can increase a company's ... 
What are the best ways for a company to improve its net margin?
Learn about what businesses can do to increase their net margin, including ways to increase sales revenue and decrease operational ... 
What is the difference between drawdown and disbursement?
Learn about some of the many definitions for financial drawdowns and disbursements, which represent transfers of funds between ... 
What You Need To Know About Google's P/E Ratio
We show you how to calculate the price to earnings ratio, a key valuation metric, for Google.
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5 Ways To Make Your Home Remodels Pay Off
Here are five ways to make your home renovation worth the money and effort you put into it. 
Differences Between Private Foundations And Public Charities
Here's a look at the differences between these types of charitable organizations. 
How To Monetize Your YouTube Channel
YouTube's Partner Program helps users earn money through their channels. Find out how. 
The World's Most Valuable Private Companies
In spite of the rewards going public can bring, some companies prefer to remain private, and they are very successful in this. 
Is Cyber Monday The New Black Friday?
Cyber Monday is becoming more popular than Black Friday. Here's why.
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