Q:
At year-end 2004, the Federal Reserve reported moderate economic growth of 3%, a reduction of the unemployment rate to 3% and an inflation rate that was "well contained at 3%". Under these circumstances, the real interest rate of the 10% corporate bond you own is 7% this year. Which of the following economic factors would factor in to the real interest rate of your bond?
a) Unemployment at 3%
b) The Fed Funds rate
c) Inflation at 3%
d) Economic growth at 3%
A:
The correct answer is c).
The real interest rate, also referred to as the inflation-adjusted return, factors the eroding effect of inflation from an investment's return.
The formula is: Yield plus or minus inflation rate = real interest rate/inflation-adjusted return.
The Fed Funds rate is the market rate that banks charge each other on overnight loans of reserves.

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