The dividend payout ratio and retention ratio measure how much profit a company gives back to shareholders as dividends. When a business earns money, it must decide whether to use all of its earnings for future operations or to pass some of it along to stockholders through a quarterly dividend check.
A bond's current yield, also called "bond yield," is the interest it pays annually divided by the bond's price. A stock's current yield, also called "dividend yield," is the sum of its annual dividends divided by the stock's price.
Collateral is property or other assets that a borrower offers a lender to secure a loan. If the borrower stops making the promised loan payments, the lender can seize the collateral to recoup its losses.
A collateralized debt obligation, or CDO, is a structured financial product backed by a pool of loans. When a retail or commercial bank approves loans such as mortgages, auto loans or credit cards to individuals or businesses, these loans are then sold to an investment bank.
A company’s financial statements may refer to multiple types of stock, including authorized, outstanding, float and restricted shares. If a company issues more shares, its outstanding shares will increase. The outstanding shares comprise of float stock and restricted stock
"Mark-to-market" accounting is a way of valuing assets based on how much they could sell for under current market conditions. In recent decades, it has become the standard way to record financial assets on a company's balance sheet.