Small Business

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  1. Salary Freeze

    The action of a company suspending salary increases for a period of time. By freezing salary increases for a given period, ...
  2. Pre-Money Valuation

    A slang phrased that refers to the value of a company's stock before it goes public. The term is often used by venture capitalists. ...
  3. Partnership

    A business organization in which two or more individuals manage and operate the business. Both owners are equally and personally ...
  4. Passive Loss

    A financial loss within an investment in any trade or business enterprise in which the investor is not a material participant. ...
  5. Razor-Razorblade Model

    A business tactic involving the sale of dependent goods for different prices - one good is sold at a discount, while the ...
  6. Transportation Expenses

    An expense incurred by an employee or self-employed taxpayer while away from home in a travel status for business. Travel ...
  7. Non-Qualified Stock Option - NSO

    A type of employee stock option where you pay ordinary income tax on the difference between the grant price and the price ...
  8. Tied Selling

    The illegal practice of a company providing a product or service on condition the customer purchases a product from the same ...
  9. Quid Pro Quo

    A Latin phrase meaning "something for something". This term is typically used in financial circles to describe a mutual agreement ...
  10. Technical Bankruptcy

    The state of a company or person who has defaulted on a financial obligation and would be declared bankruptcy if the creditor ...
  11. Parking

    The illegal practice of selling shares to another party with the understanding that the original owner will buy them back ...
  12. Mothballing

    The preservation of a production facility without using it to produce. Machinery in a mothballed facility is kept in working ...
  13. Monthly Income Preferred Securities - MIPS

    Shares that are an interest in a limited partnership existing solely for the purpose of issuing preferred securities and ...
  14. Love Money

    Seed money or capital given by family or friends to an entrepreneur to start a business. The decision to lend money and the ...
  15. Vendor Financing

    The lending of money by a company to one of its customers so that the customer can buy products from it. By doing this, the ...
  16. Layoff

    1. When a company eliminates jobs regardless of how good the employees' performance. 2. A risk reduction, made by investment ...
  17. Incentive Stock Option - ISO

    A type of employee stock option with a tax benefit, when you exercise, of not having to pay ordinary income tax. Instead, ...
  18. Investment Club

    A group of people who pool their money to make investments. Usually, investment clubs are organized as partnerships and after ...
  19. Debtor-In-Possession Financing - DIP Financing

    Financing arranged by a company while under the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process. DIP financing is unique from other financing ...
  20. Debtor In Possession - DIP

    An individual or corporation that has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and remains in control of property that ...
  21. Interpositioning

    The unlawful practice of adding an extra broker/dealer as a principal on a trade, even if no service is provided. Typically, ...
  22. Impression

    A metric used to quantify the display of an advertisement on a web page. Impressions are used in banner advertising, which ...
  23. Global Investment Performance Standards - GIPS

    Ethical standards to be used by investment managers for creating performance presentations that ensure fair representation ...
  24. Heads Of Agreement

    A non-binding document outlining the main issues relevant to a tentative partnership agreement. Heads of agreement represents ...
  25. Gazunder

    A colloquial term used in the United Kingdom for the practice of a buyer lowering his real estate purchase offer below his ...
  26. Gazump

    The practice of raising the price of a previously agreed-upon real estate transaction. A gazump refers to a situation where ...
  27. Fabless Company

    The Fabless Semiconductor Association (FSA) defines fabless as follows: Fabless (without fab) refers to the business methodology ...
  28. Crammed Down

    1. A situation in which venture capitalists refuse to invest in a new project unless the preceding investors of the company ...
  29. Automatic Stay

    A legal provision that temporarily prevents creditors from pursuing debtors for amounts owed. An automatic stay goes into ...
  30. Asset Stripper

    An individual or company, which purchases a corporation with the intention of dividing that corporation up into its parts ...
  31. Banner Advertising

    A rectangular graphic display that stretches across the top or bottom of a website or down the right or left sidebar. The ...
  32. Bankruptcy Risk

    The possibility that a company will be unable to meet its debt obligations. Bankruptcy risk describes the likelihood that ...
  33. Click-Through Rate (CTR)

    The percentage of individuals viewing a web page who click on a specific advertisement that appears on the page. Click-through ...
  34. Wallpaper

    The name given to stocks, bonds and other securities that have become worthless.
  35. Cashless Exercise

    A transaction that is used when exercising employee stock options (ESO). Essentially, what you do here is borrow enough money ...
  36. Zombies

    Companies that continue to operate even though they are insolvent or near bankruptcy. Zombies often become casualties to ...
  37. Employee Share Ownership Trust - ESOT

    A program that facilitates the acquisition and distribution of a company's shares to its employees. ESOTs are trust accounts ...
  38. Employee Contribution Plan

    A company-sponsored retirement plan where employees may elect to have a portion of each paycheck deposited into a retirement ...
  39. Elevator Pitch

    A slang term used to describe a brief speech that outlines an idea for a product, service or project. The name comes from ...
  40. Baby Bells

    A common nickname given to the U.S. regional telephone companies that were formed from the breakup of AT&T ("Ma Bell") ...
  41. Employee Benefits Security Administration - EBSA

    A division of the Department of Labor (DOL) charged with enforcing the rules governing the conduct of plan managers, the ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. Payback Period

    The length of time required to recover the cost of an investment. The payback period of a given investment or project is ...
  2. Collateral Value

    The estimated fair market value of an asset that is being used as loan collateral. Collateral value is determined by appraisal ...
  3. Fiduciary

    A fiduciary is a person who acts on behalf of another person, or persons to manage assets.
  4. Current Account

    The difference between a nation’s savings and its investment. The current account is defined as the sum of goods and services ...
  5. Liability

    Liabilities are defined as a company's legal debts or obligations that arise during the course of business operations.
  6. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
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