Small Business

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  1. Chapter 12

    A U.S. bankruptcy proceeding specifically for family farms or fisheries that gives the farm or fishery owner the ability ...
  2. Chapter 9

    A bankruptcy proceeding that provides financially distressed municipalities with protection from creditors by creating a ...
  3. Shakeup

    A series of events and processes that a company's management team facilitates in order to change and/or reorganize itself ...
  4. Masterbrand

    A specific overarching brand name that serves as the main anchoring point on which all underlying products are based. Masterbranding ...
  5. Financial Cooperative

    A financial institution that is owned and operated by its members. The goal of a financial cooperative is to act on behalf ...
  6. Price Rigging

    An illegal action performed by a group of conspiring businesses that occurs when the firms agree to artificially inflate ...
  7. Impact Fee

    A fee imposed on property developers by municipalities for the new infrastructure that must be built or increased due to ...
  8. Joint Liability

    An obligation, including an obligation to repay a debt between two or more parties. A joint liability allows parties to share ...
  9. Blind Pool

    A limited partnership or stock offering with no stated investment goal for the funds that are raised from investors. In a ...
  10. Limited Company - LC

    A form of incorporation that limits the amount of liability undertaken by the company's shareholders. The naming convention ...
  11. Multiple Employer Welfare Arrangement - MEWA

    An arrangement where a group of employers pool their contributions in a self-contributing benefits plan for their employees. ...
  12. Microenterprise

    A small business that employs a small number of employees. A microenterprise will usually operate with fewer than 10 people ...
  13. Payroll Deduction Plan

    A contribution plan in which an employer deducts a specified amount from an employee's pay and puts the funds toward insurance, ...
  14. Offensive Competitive Strategy

    A type of corporate strategy that consists of actively trying to pursue changes within the industry. Companies that are managed ...
  15. Social Good

    A good or service that benefits the largest number of people in the largest possible way. Some classic examples of social ...
  16. Greenwashing

    When a company, government or other group promotes green-based environmental initiatives or images but actually operates ...
  17. Corporate Refinancing

    The process through which a company reorganizes its debt obligations by replacing or restructuring existing debts. Refinancing ...
  18. Corporate Debt Restructuring

    The reorganization of a company's outstanding obligations, often achieved by reducing the burden of the debts on the company ...
  19. Debt Fatigue

    When a debtor stops making payments on his or her debts and starts spending again after being overwhelmed by the amount of ...
  20. Chapter 15

    A chapter under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, added to foster a cooperative environment in international insolvencies. Chapter ...
  21. Musharakah

    A joint enterprise or partnership structure with profit/loss sharing implications that is used in Islamic finance instead ...
  22. Foam The Runway

    A term indicating the last-minute infusion of cash into a company about to go bankrupt. Airports foam runways prior to an ...
  23. Triggering Term

    A word or phrase that when used in advertising literature requires the presentation of the terms of a credit agreement so ...
  24. Capital Addition

    The cost involved for adding new assets or bettering existing assets within a business. Capital additions can take the form ...
  25. Closed Corporation

    A business that is set up using a corporate business structure, but in which all the shares are held by a select few individuals ...
  26. Closely Held Stock

    A company whose common shares are owned by one individual owner or by a small group of controlling stockholders. This is ...
  27. Employment Situation Report

    A monthly report compiling a set of surveys in an attempt to monitor the labor market. The Employment Situation Report, released ...
  28. Multinational Pooling

    A method global companies use to manage the risk of their employee benefit plans throughout the world. The different employee ...
  29. Year-End Bonus

    A reward paid to an employee at the end of the year. Many year-end bonuses are tied to performance metrics and the amount ...
  30. Wage Assignment

    The procedure of taking money directly from an employee's compensation under the authority of a court order, in order to ...
  31. Self-Employed Person

    An independent contractor or sole proprietor who reports income earned from self-employment. Self-employed persons control ...
  32. Statutory Employee

    A class of employee that is permitted to deduct work-related expenses on Schedule C instead of Schedule A. Statutory employees ...
  33. Dependent Care Benefits

    Benefits provided by an employer to an employee for use in caring for dependents such as newborns or disabled persons. Dependent ...
  34. Small Business Investment Company - SBIC

    A privately-owned investment company that is licensed by the Small Business Administration (SBA). Small Business Investment ...
  35. Severance Package

    A bundle of pay and benefits offered to an employee upon being laid off from a company. The receipt of a severance package ...
  36. Personal-Service Corporation

    A corporation that is created for the purpose of providing personal services to individuals or groups. To be considered a ...
  37. American National Standards Institute - ANSI

    An organization that oversees the creation and dissemination of norms and standards in almost every U.S. business sector. ...
  38. Additional Collateral

    Additional assets put up as collateral by a borrower against debt obligations. Additional collateral is used to lessen the ...
  39. Cramdown

    A bankruptcy concept that is often employed to obtain a Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization plan while there are still objections ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. Current Ratio

    The current ratio is a liquidity ratio measuring a company's ability to pay short-term and long-term obligations, also known ...
  2. SEC Form 13F

    A filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), also known as the Information Required of Institutional Investment ...
  3. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  4. Risk Averse

    A description of an investor who, when faced with two investments with a similar expected return (but different risks), will ...
  5. Indirect Tax

    A tax that increases the price of a good so that consumers are actually paying the tax by paying more for the products. An ...
  6. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
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