Gold is still the hot trade. While it's not that hard to remember when gold was an afterthought, squeezed between a quick summary of bonds and commodities during financial programming, it is now a leading investment class. Whether an investor's interest in gold is fueled by fears of inflation, economic and political turbulence, its technicals, or even just a "greater fool" theory, the reality is that it has been a winning trade.

By now any investor with even a passing interest in gold knows a little something about the myriad of choices for getting in on this investment. People can choose to own actual bullion or numismatic gold, resource mutual funds, specialized ETFs like SPDR Gold Shares (NYSE:GLD), or mining stocks ... and those are just the most popular options.

Given that mining companies are the only entry on the list that can actually grow from internal strategic decisions, it is worth a look at some of the major mining companies.

Tutorial: Commodity Investing 101

A Quick View From Above
What is interesting about mining companies is that they don't necessarily track gold prices. True, they follow the same general path, but there can be notable breakouts above (and below) the price of gold as investors react to news about production, operating costs, new discoveries, and so on.

Another interesting detail is that, despite the inflationary pressures popping up around the world, most analysts still expect gold prices to peak in 2011/2012 and then decline. That could put a premium on production growth, resource growth and operating costs and there are wide discrepancies between the major miners in those variables. All things being equal, it can be more effective to own miners with high cost structures during periods of rising prices (and vice versa), although production growth is almost always welcome.

Agnico-Eagle Mines (NYSE:AEM)
Based in Canada, AEM offers investors six productive mines, all located in friendly countries, and significant growth potential simply from exploiting the resources the company already has under title. While Agnico-Eagle is somewhat small with 1.8 million ounces of proven gold reserves (and another 19.5 million deemed probable), the company could be looking at double-digit production growth for most of the next five years. Operating costs are tracking higher though, and the stock is not the cheapest of the larger group. (For more, see Gains In Gold Miners.)

AngloGold Ashanti (NYSE:AU)
South Africa's AngloGold Ashanti is a fair bit larger than AEM in terms of its reserve base, but trades at a considerably lower valuation on a proven/probable per-ounce basis. AngloGold's mines are spread across the world, although about 70% of the company's gold comes from Africa (including the increasingly less-competitive mines of South Africa). AngloGold has made some savvy moves of late, including repurchasing forward sales at prices that already look attractive. Still, the company has been seeing production declines and high production costs, so investors may wish to consider how much they want to pay for that sort of operating profile. (For more, see Why Gold Companies Love Africa.)

Barrick Gold (NYSE:ABX)
Another Canadian-based gold miner, Barrick is well-diversified, with 25 operating mines on five continents. With 139.8 million proven and probable ounces of gold reserves (32.2 million proven), Barrick is easily the world's largest producer. With that scale comes a solid balance sheet, although the company's spread-out operations do seem to lead to more middle-of-the-pack performance on operating costs. Growth prospects look relatively moderate over the next five years, but the company recently made a rich offer for Equinox to expand its copper resource base. Barrick also carries a more middle-of-the-pack valuation at present, but that quality and diversification make it a more interesting risk-reward opportunity.

Goldcorp (NYSE:GG)
It wasn't so long ago that Goldcorp operated one mine in Canada. Now it is a fast-growing miner with 17 properties in North and South America. Goldcorp has been an active acquirer, but it tends to acquire high-quality properties and run them well; Goldcorp has relatively low cash operating costs and further enhances its profitability by producing byproducts like silver, copper and zinc. Boasting more than 60 million ounces of gold reserves (23.2 million proved) and reasonable single-digit organic growth prospects, Goldcorp is a quality candidate. Unfortunately, that quality is already known and Goldcorp is relatively expensive on an NAV basis.

Newmont Mining (NYSE:NEM)
A ways behind Barrick, Newmont is nevertheless the second-largest gold producer in the world, with 93.5 million ounces of proved and probable gold reserves. Unfortunately, Newmont scores relatively poorly on two important tests - production is likely to decline until some time late in the next five years and the production cost profile is not great. Newmont is not overpriced on a relative basis and the company's exploration program (which is focused largely on politically stable countries) should pay off if gold prices stay high.

The Bottom Line
While production costs even as high as the $600s per ounce may make gold mining look like a bargain, investors should keep an eye on the marginal production costs and the amortization that miners are recognizing to get a real sense of the profitability of gold. Right now, those marginal prices seem to be creeping up near $1,000 an ounce, with another $100 to $200 per ounce in amortization. With gold at around $1,500 an ounce that is still plenty of room to make a profit, but investors must dig a little deeper to appreciate the real value produced by a miner they are considering for investment. (For more, see What To Do About Gold Now.)

Use the Investopedia Stock Simulator to trade the stocks mentioned in this stock analysis, risk free

Related Articles
  1. Personal Finance

    A Day in the Life of an Equity Research Analyst

    What does an equity research analyst do on an everyday basis?
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: ProShares UltraPro Nasdaq Biotech

    Obtain information about an ETF offerings that provides leveraged exposure to the biotechnology industry, the ProShares UltraPro Nasdaq Biotech Fund.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares MSCI Europe Financials

    Learn about the iShares MSCI Europe Financials fund, which invests in numerous European financial industries, such as banks, insurance and real estate.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: SPDR S&P Insurance

    Learn about the SPDR S&P Insurance exchange-traded fund, which follows the S&P Insurance Select Industry Index by investing in equities of U.S. insurers.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: SPDR S&P Emerging Markets Small Cap

    Learn about the SPDR S&P Emerging Markets Small Cap exchange-traded fund, which invests in small-cap firms traded at the emerging equity markets.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: ETFS Physical Platinum

    Learn about the physical platinum ETF. Platinum embarked on a bull market from 2001 to 2011, climbing to record prices along with other precious metals.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares MSCI Turkey

    Learn about the iShares MSCI Turkey exchange-traded fund, which invests in a wide variety of companies' equities traded on Turkish exchanges.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged

    Find out about the PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged ETF, and learn detailed information about characteristics, suitability and recommendations of it.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Guggenheim Enhanced Short Dur

    Find out about the Guggenheim Enhanced Short Duration ETF, and learn detailed information about this fund that focuses on fixed-income securities.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares US Oil&Gas Explor&Prodtn

    Learn about the iShares U.S. Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETF, which provides an efficient way to invest in the exploration and production sector.
  1. Equity

    The value of an asset less the value of all liabilities on that ...
  2. Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF)

    A security that tracks an index, a commodity or a basket of assets ...
  3. Exchange-Traded Mutual Funds (ETMF)

    Investopedia explains the definition of exchange-traded mutual ...
  4. Hard-To-Sell Asset

    An asset that is extremely difficult to dispose of either due ...
  5. Sucker Yield

    When an investor has essentially risked all of his capital for ...
  6. Benchmark Crude Oil

    Benchmark crude oil is crude oil that serves as a pricing reference, ...
  1. What is the difference between called-up share capital and paid-up share capital?

    The difference between called-up share capital and paid-up share capital is investors have already paid in full for paid-up ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why would a corporation issue convertible bonds?

    A convertible bond represents a hybrid security that has bond and equity features; this type of bond allows the conversion ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What does a high turnover ratio signify for an investment fund?

    If an investment fund has a high turnover ratio, it indicates it replaces most or all of its holdings over a one-year period. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does index trading increase market vulnerability?

    The rise of index trading may increase the overall vulnerability of the stock market due to increased correlations between ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How does additional paid in capital affect retained earnings?

    Both additional paid-in capital and retained earnings are entries under the shareholders' equity section of a company's balance ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What types of capital are not considered share capital?

    The money a business uses to fund operations or growth is called capital, and there are a number of capital sources available. ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Trading Center

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!