I read an article at the end of September that brought my attention to a small-cap growth fund managed by M&I Asset Management, a Milwaukee-based firm that's now part of the Bank of Montreal (NYSE:BMO). The Marshall Small-Cap Growth Fund (MRSCX) has more than doubled investors' money over the past 10 years. The fund's third largest holding is Safeguard Scientifics (NYSE:SFE), a hybrid between a venture capital and a private equity, that invests in growth-stage life sciences and technology businesses. Despite a checkered past, its future is bright. Read on and I'll explain why.

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Experience
Safeguard's past goes all the way back to 1953 when Warren "Pete" Musser and Frank Diamond created Lancaster Corporation, a holding company that would invest in small firms like Safeguard Corporation, a manufacturer of bookkeeping and accounting products. Its investment in Safeguard was so successful that it spun off the business into its own independent company in 1980. One year later, Lancaster was renamed Safeguard Scientifics. At the height of the dot-com boom, Safeguard Scientifics' market cap was as high as $6.9 billion, very different from the $325 million today. After the 2000 crash, its market cap went into the tank, and eventually it replaced Musser in October 2001 with Anthony Craig, who stabilized its business over three years. Then, in 2005, Craig stepped aside for its current CEO, Peter Boni, who came over from private equity firm, Advent International. Boni and his team have turned things around and in recognition of their achievement, Ernst & Young named Boni one of Philadelphia's Entrepreneurs of the Year. It's on a roll.

Investments
The first thing Boni did, upon his arrival, was to sell many of Safeguard's existing investments and redeploy the funds in early-stage companies in both tech and life sciences. In the past year, four of its portfolio companies have sold for $1.72 billion, with performance clauses that could take the number as high as $2.23 billion. If so, it would receive $431 million for its trouble, an average return of between three and 13 times its original investment. Its current roster of companies is 13, seven in life sciences and six in technology. However, two are public: NuPathe (Nasdaq:PATH), a specialty pharmaceutical company with an 18% interest, and Tengion (Nasdaq:TNGN), an organ regeneration business with a 2.5% interest. Patrick Gundlach, the co-manager of the Marshall fund, particularly likes the fact that its investments were able to grow revenues from $100 million in 2007 to $400 million in 2010, suggesting more paydays are on the horizon. (For more on this industry, read The Ups And Downs Of Biotechnology.)

Cash
The hard part for Safeguard is redeploying cash from its successful exits. Safeguard has $254 million in cash on its books, as of the end of June, and only $45 million in debt, although the interest rate is relatively high at 10.125%. It could pay down the debt, but investments with this kind of risk profile do warrant a higher yield. Therefore, it will have to find some new investments to go along with the existing ones. In July, it acquired 36% of Penn Mezzanine, a mezzanine lender for companies with revenues between $5 million and $100 million and a history of profitability. Safeguard paid $3.7 million for its stake, and will commit and an additional $26.4 million to future Penn Mezzanine funds. It made the investment to provide a stable stream of income while it redeploys capital. Some analysts don't like the move because the middle-market is a competitive racket. I don't see a problem with it because Penn tends to target smaller companies, which are definitely underserved.

The Bottom Line
Safeguard's share price as of October 17 was $15.73. Its cash per share is $12.31. You're buying a piece of 13 investments for $3.42 a share. If one or two of those investments end up being acquired, you'll get your money back, and then some. I wouldn't bet the farm, but the risk is manageable and the rewards tremendous.

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