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Tickers in this Article: CATO, KSS, LTD, SHG, TROX, TNH
The Nasdaq has moved up 0.3%, the S&P 500 has decreased 0.2% and the Dow is down 0.1% so far today. Also known as the "Big Board", the NYSE relied for many years on floor trading only, using the open outcry system.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
Company Market Cap Percentage Change
Cato Corp (NYSE:CATO) $928.4 million -10.3%
Kohl\'s (NYSE:KSS) $10.61 billion +7.3%
Limited Brands (NYSE:LTD) $12.85 billion +7.3%
Shinhan Financial Group Co., Ltd. (ADR) (NYSE:SHG) $17.27 billion -4.9%
Terra Nitrogen Company, L.P. (NYSE:TNH) $4.12 billion -3.3%
Forex Broker Summary: UFXMarkets

Cato (NYSE:CATO) is currently trading at $28.43 per share, after a steep drop of 10.3%. So far today, 203,419 shares have changed hands. As a stock moves up or down, it is important to pay attention to the trading volume. This indicates the level of interest: the higher the volume, the more the interest. Margin analysis is a great way to understand the profitability of companies. CATO has a gross profit margin of 38.2%. The operating margin ratio can vary widely across industries, so investors should focus on comparing companies from similar industries or with similar business models. Relative to its gross profit margin, CATO's operating margin of 18.6% is on the low side. Net profit margin compares net income with sales. The company has a net profit margin of 7.1%.

A wide array of ratios can be used by investors to estimate the attractiveness of a potential or existing investment and get an idea of its valuation. One of the favorite tools of many value investors is analyzing price/book value ratios, as it provides a measure of the underlying value of a company's assets as compared to the valuation of its equity. The P/B ratio for CATO is 2.12, indicating that the stock is trading for more than its book value. It is important to take the company's debt into account when using the P/B ratio as debt can boost a company's liabilities to the point where they wipe out much of the book value of its hard assets, creating artificially high P/B values. Users need to be careful when applying this ratio though, as it is more useful for industrial companies that have a lot of tangible assets than it is for technology or consumer product companies that may not have much in the way of hard assets. SEE: Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

Kohl's (NYSE:KSS) is up 7.3% to reach a current price of $47.51 per share. At 3.8 million shares, the company's volume so far today is consistent with its current three-month average. If a stock price moves on high volume, this means that the change is a significant one. Profit-margin ratios can give investors deeper insight into management efficiency than earnings alone can provide. Gross profit margin, operating profit margin and net margin are commonly used margins. The gross profit margin for KSS is 37.9%. The operating margin ratio can also be useful for tracking an individual company's performance across time, where an increasing ratio is good and a declining ratio may provide cause for concern that a company's business model is weakening. KSS has an operating profit margin of 7.6%. Net profit margin is calculated by dividing net income by sales; the higher the net profit margin, the better. Net profit margin for the company is 5.9%.

Valuation ratios allow the investor to make a quick determination as to a company's investment value. For investors primarily interested in the income a stock can generate, the dividend yield is an important determinant of how attractive a stock is. KSS has a dividend yield of 2.9%. For income-oriented investors such as retirees, a stock with a high dividend yield may be more attractive than a stock with a low dividend yield. SEE: Dividend Yield For The Downturn

Limited Brands (NYSE:LTD) has increased to a share price of $47.38, a 7.3% rise. The company's volume for the morning is 2.7 million shares. This is consistent with its current daily average. Price change alone is not enough to know how a stock is doing. Volume is an important secondary indicator used to confirm trends suggested by price movement. There are many tools investors can use to evaluate a stock, including margins. Margins, quite simply, are earnings expressed as a ratio, or a percentage of sales, and this allows investors to compare the profitability of different companies, while net earnings, which are presented as an absolute number, cannot. LTD's gross profit margin is 43.4%. Operating margin is determined by taking operating income (income minus variable expenses) and dividing it by sales. LTD's operating profit margin is 13.6%. Net profit margin is a good ratio for determining how a company is performing. Net margin is 7.9%.

Valuation ratios like the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield are useful in determining how attractive a potential or existing investment is. The debt ratio measures the leverage of a company, and a company's leverage is a good way to assess risk. LTD has a debt ratio of 102%, which is on the high side. As such, the company is highly leveraged and not highly liquid. However, one thing to note with this ratio: it isn't a pure measure of a company's debt (or indebtedness), as it also includes operational liabilities, such as accounts payable and taxes payable.

After a decline of 4.9%, Shinhan Financial Group Co., Ltd (NYSE:SHG) has hit a share price of $69.30. So far today, the company's volume is 13,426 shares, below yesterday's volume of 18,687 shares. A stock's volume conveys how excited investors are about it.

Valuation ratios include the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield. The price/sales ratio measures a company's stock market value by its total revenues or alternatively, a company's price per share by its revenue per share. SHG's P/S ratio of 1.18 is on the high side. In young companies, a high P/S ratio is a sign of sales growth that is expected to turn into earnings and cash flow. It is important to keep in mind when looking at the P/S ratio that just because a company is generating revenues, this does not mean that the company is profitable, and in the long run, profits drive stock prices.

The company is currently trading a volume of 62,385 shares. High volume indicates a lot of investor interest while low volume indicates the opposite. Investors can use valuation ratios as tools to estimate what kind of deal a particular investment is. A company's capitalization (not to be confused with its market capitalization) is the term used to describe the makeup of a company's permanent or long-term capital, which consists of both long-term debt and shareholders' equity. TROX has a capitalization ratio of 39.4%. A low level of debt and a healthy proportion of equity in a company's capital structure is an indication of financial fitness.

Terra Nitrogen Company (NYSE:TNH) is currently trading at a share price of $215.31, a 3.3% decline. With 29,017 shares changing hands so far today, the company's volume is 0.6 times the average volume over the last three months. The trading volume for a stock indicates the level of investor interest. Margin ratios highlight companies that are worth further examination. The gross profit margin for TNH is 68.5%. Relative to its gross profit margin, TNH's operating profit margin of 63.1% and net profit margin of 63.9% are low.

When estimating the value of a particular investment, valuation ratios provide a good basis for assessing the value of an individual stock. The P/E ratio has been used for ages by analysts and still remains one of the most relevant pieces of stock valuation. TNH has a P/E ratio of 14.4. To determine the P/E ratio, an investor divides the market price of the stock by the earnings-per-share (EPS) of the stock. SEE: Can Investors Trust the P/E Ratio?

The Bottom Line No matter the economic climate, Wall Street will always have stocks that make major moves each week. It is important to weigh current activity against historical performance when making any investment decisions. However, these fundamental metrics must be analyzed with historic data, industry information in addition to firm specific financial statements.

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