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Tickers in this Article: PANW, SM, RRC, GDI, BLK, COO, NVR
So far today, the market has been on the rise. The Nasdaq has moved up 0.2%; the S&P 500 is up 0.5%; and the Dow has climbed 0.5%. Formerly run as a private organization, the NYSE became a public entity in 2005 following the acquisition of electronic trading exchange Archipelago.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
CompanyMarket CapPercentage Change
SM (NYSE:SM)$3.51 billion-2.5%
Range (NYSE:RRC)$11.47 billion-2.1%
Gardner Denver (NYSE:GDI)$3 billion-2%
BlackRock (NYSE:BLK)$31.78 billion+1.8%
Cooper Companies (NYSE:COO)$4.82 billion-1.6%
NVR (NYSE:NVR)$4.49 billion+1.5%
Broker Summary: OptionsXpress Online Trading Platform

The company's volume for the day so far is 287,803 shares. This is consistent with its current daily average. Volume is an important indicator in technical analysis as it is used to measure the worth of a market move. If the markets have made a strong price move either up or down the perceived strength of that move depends on the volume for that period. The higher the volume during that price move the more significant the move. When estimating the value of a particular investment, valuation ratios provide a good basis for assessing the value of an individual stock. The price/book value ratio is one of the more common methods of determining whether a stock is fairly valued. The P/B ratio for PANW is 390.94, indicating that the stock is trading for more than its book value. This may be a sign that the company is overvalued. All else being equal, a stock with a low P/B value ratio is more attractive than a stock with a high ratio. SEE: Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

SM (NYSE:SM) is down 2.5% to reach $52.51 per share. So far today, 292,666 shares have changed hands. Volume is also used as a secondary indicator to help confirm what the price movement is suggesting. Looking at a company's valuation ratios is a good way of getting a basic idea as to its value as an investment. A simple P/E ratio can reveal the stock's real market value and show how the valuation compares to its industry group or a benchmark like the S&P 500 Index. SM's P/E ratio of 22.7 is above the industry average of 16.3. Generally speaking, the higher the P/E ratio, the higher the market expectations for a company's future performance. High P/E stocks could be "growth" stocks, while low PE stocks may be "value" stocks. SEE: Can Investors Trust the P/E Ratio?

Range (NYSE:RRC) is trading at $69.10 per share, down 2.1%. At 335,118 shares, the company's volume so far today is lighter than yesterday's volume of 1.2 million shares. Volume is an important indicator because it indicates how significant a price shift is. Investors can use valuation ratios as tools to estimate what kind of deal a particular investment is. When used consistently and uniformly, the price/earnings to growth (PEG) ratio is an essential tool that adds dimension to the price/earnings ratio, allows comparisons across diverse industries and is always on the lookout for value. PEG ratio for RRC is 25.78. While P/E ratios are important indicators of market value, a high P/E in and of itself is not bad because it may indicate a company whose earnings are growing very rapidly, so many investors look at the PEG ratio in order to get an idea of whether or not a particular P/E ratio is justified by underlying earnings growth.

Falling 2%, Gardner Denver (NYSE:GDI) is currently at a share price of $59.95. So far today, the company's volume is 306,237 shares. This is 0.7 times the current three-month average. In technical analysis, trading volume is used to determine the strength of a market indicator. Valuation ratios like the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield are useful in determining how attractive a potential or existing investment is. The dividend yield is calculated by dividing a company's dividends per share by its stock price. The dividend yield for GDI is 0.3%, which is on the low end. This may indicate that the company's stock is overpriced. To calculate the dividend yield, divide the level of dividends by the stock price; the higher the yield, the more attractive the security. SEE: Investment Valuation Ratios: Dividend Yield

Increasing 1.8%, BlackRock (NYSE:BLK) is trading at $187.42 per share. The company's volume is currently 804,300 shares for the day, 1.2 times the current daily average. If a stock price makes a big move up or down, volume lets us know the significance of that move. A wide array of ratios can be used by investors to estimate the attractiveness of a potential or existing investment and get an idea of its valuation. The price/sales ratio measures a company's stock market price by its revenues. The P/S ratio for BLK is 3.4, which is relatively high. In young companies, a high P/S ratio is a sign of sales growth that is expected to turn into earnings and cash flow. It is important to keep in mind when looking at the P/S ratio that just because a company is generating revenues, this does not mean that the company is profitable, and in the long run, profits drive stock prices.

Falling 1.6%, Cooper Companies (NYSE:COO) is currently at a share price of $99.05. So far today, the company's volume is 261,459 shares. A stock's volume conveys how excited investors are about it. Understanding investment valuation ratios allows an investor to assess the true value of an individual stock. The debt ratio shows the proportion of assets that a company is financing through debt. COO's debt ratio of 28.1% is on the low side. In other words, the company is less sensitive to changes in business or interest rates since less of its cash flow is dedicated to paying off loan expenses. As with all financial ratios, a company's debt ratio should be compared with the industry average or similar companies.

NVR (NYSE:NVR) has moved up 1.5% and is currently trading at $886.38 per share. So far today, the company's volume is 9,609 shares,. The trading volume for a stock indicates the level of investor interest. In making a decision about a potential or existing investment, valuation ratios are useful as a basis for seeing whether the stock price is too high, reasonable, or a bargain. The capitalization ratio is calculated by dividing long-term debt by the sum of long-term debt and shareholders' equity. NVR has a low capitalization ratio of 0.2%. Investors generally consider a company with low debt and high equity levels is a good quality investment. This ratio is considered to be one of the more meaningful of the "debt" ratios - it delivers the key insight into the use of leverage by a company.

The Bottom Line The nature of the market is such that stocks will have good days and bad days. Daily stock performance should be weighed against historical performance and put in context of the market overall. However, these fundamental metrics must be analyzed with historic data, industry information in addition to firm specific financial statements.

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