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Tickers in this Article: MOV, LXK, QIHU, PPO, BPT, PVH, HNZ
After a bad morning, the Nasdaq has fallen 0.1%, the S&P 500 has slipped 0.1% and the Dow has declined 0.1%. Formerly run as a private organization, the NYSE became a public entity in 2005 following the acquisition of electronic trading exchange Archipelago.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
CompanyMarket CapPercentage Change
Movado Group (NYSE:MOV)$757 million+16.1%
Lexmark International (NYSE:LXK)$1.34 billion+13.2%
QIHOO 360 (NYSE:QIHU)$2.65 billion-7.1%
Polypore International (NYSE:PPO)$1.58 billion-7.1%
BP Prudhoe Bay (NYSE:BPT)$2.19 billion-5.8%
PVH (NYSE:PVH)$6.23 billion+5.1%
HJ (NYSE:HNZ)$18.08 billion+3.2%
Broker Summary: E-Trade Financial

Movado Group (NYSE:MOV) has soared 16.1% to reach a current price of $34.95 per share. So far today, the company's volume is 2.3 million shares. If a stock is trading on low volume, then there is not much interest in the stock. On the other hand, if a stock is trading on high volume, then there is a lot of interest in the stock. When estimating the value of a particular investment, valuation ratios provide a good basis for assessing the value of an individual stock. The debt ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets. MOV has a debt ratio of 20.7%, which is fairly low. In other words, the company is less sensitive to changes in business or interest rates since less of its cash flow is dedicated to paying off loan expenses. However, one thing to note with this ratio: it isn't a pure measure of a company's debt (or indebtedness), as it also includes operational liabilities, such as accounts payable and taxes payable.

Lexmark International (NYSE:LXK) is currently at $21.51 per share after a dramatic increase of 13.2%. So far today, the company's volume is 6.4 million shares, 3.7 times the current daily average. As a stock moves up or down, it is important to pay attention to the trading volume. This indicates the level of interest: the higher the volume, the more the interest. A company's investment value can be estimated using valuation ratios such as the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield. The price/earnings to growth (PEG) ratio can reveal value what price/earnings (P/E) ratios alone may not so that if a company has a high P/E ratio (an indication that its stock is overpriced) but its earnings are growing very quickly, the PEG ratio may reveal that the company is actually fairly valued, or perhaps even a bargain. PEG ratio for LXK is -0.5. Because of the adjustment for earnings growth rate, the PEG ratio is somewhat more useful than many formulas for comparing companies in different industries.

QIHOO 360 (NYSE:QIHU) is currently trading at a share price of $21.34, a 7.1% decline. The company's volume for the day so far is 3.2 million shares. Yesterday's volume was only 2.7 million shares. In technical analysis, trading volume is used to determine the strength of a market indicator. Investors can make use of valuation ratios to estimate whether a stock is fairly valued. The price/book value ratio, often expressed simply as "price-to-book", provides investors a way to compare the market value, or what they are paying for each share, to a conservative measure of the value of the firm. QIHU's stock is trading for more than its book value with a P/B ratio of 6.41. It is important to take the company's debt into account when using the P/B ratio as debt can boost a company's liabilities to the point where they wipe out much of the book value of its hard assets, creating artificially high P/B values. To put things in perspective, should be made among companies in the same industry rather than across industries. SEE: Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

Falling 7.1%, Polypore International (NYSE:PPO) is currently at a share price of $31.57. So far today, the company's volume is 2.3 million shares, 3.7 times its current three-month average. High volume indicates a lot of investor interest while low volume indicates the opposite. Investment valuation ratios provide investors with an estimation, albeit a simplistic one, of the value of a stock. The price/sales ratio measures a company's stock market value by its total revenues or alternatively, a company's price per share by its revenue per share. The P/S ratio for PPO is 2.54, which is relatively high. In young companies, a high P/S ratio is a sign of sales growth that is expected to turn into earnings and cash flow. A limitation of the P/S ratio is that the price component measures only stock market captialization, while sales are a function of the entire capital structure, potentially leading to wide differences between levered and unlevered companies.

BP Prudhoe Bay (NYSE:BPT) is down 5.8% to reach $96.50 per share. So far today, 631,289 shares have changed hands. Volume is an important indicator in technical analysis as it is used to measure the worth of a market move. If the markets have made a strong price move either up or down the perceived strength of that move depends on the volume for that period. The higher the volume during that price move the more significant the move. Valuation ratios like the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield are useful in determining how attractive a potential or existing investment is. There are generally two price/earnings ratios calculated: the first, called the trailing Price/Earnings ratio, is calculated using the previous years actual earnings; the second, called forward Price/Earnings ratio, is calculated using the next year's estimated earnings. BPT has a P/E ratio of 11.2. A high or low P/E ratio is not good or bad in and of itself, but a company trading with a high P/E ratio must continue to post strong financial performance or its stock price is likely to fall. SEE: Profit With The Power Of Price-To-Earnings

PVH (NYSE:PVH) is up 5.1% to reach a current price of $93.03 per share. So far today, the company's volume is 1.9 million shares, 3.4 times its current daily average. If a stock is trading on low volume, then there is not much interest in the stock. On the other hand, if a stock is trading on high volume, then there is a lot of interest in the stock. Investment valuation ratios can be very useful in determining the value of a stock, but it is very important to keep in mind that while some financial ratios have general rules (or a broad application), in most instances it is a prudent practice to look at a company's historical performance and use peer company/industry comparisons to put any given company's ratio in perspective. To a large degree, the debt-equity (D/E) ratio provides another vantage point on a company's leverage position, in this case, comparing total liabilities to shareholders' equity, as opposed to total assets in the debt ratio. The D/E ratio for PVH is 70%. This easy-to-calculate ratio provides a general indication of a company's equity-liability relationship and is helpful to investors looking for a quick take on a company's leverage.

HJ (NYSE:HNZ) is currently trading at $58.26 per share, a 3.2% increase. So far today, the company's volume is 2.7 million shares. This is more trading activity than there was yesterday. Price change alone is not enough to know how a stock is doing. Volume is an important secondary indicator used to confirm trends suggested by price movement. Valuation ratios allow the investor to make a quick determination as to a company's investment value. The capitalization ratio is calculated by dividing long-term debt by the sum of long-term debt and shareholders' equity. HNZ's capitalization ratio of 63.4% is relatively high. If the company is a company is in a highly competitive business and hobbled by high debt, it will find its competitors taking advantage of its problems to grab more market share. The capitalization ratio is one of the more meaningful debt ratios because it focuses on the relationship of debt liabilities as a component of a company's total capital base, which is the capital raised by shareholders and lenders.

The Bottom Line The nature of the market is such that stocks will have good days and bad days. Paying close attention to the previous ratios will help you identify key times to adjust your strategy. However, these fundamental metrics must be analyzed with historic data, industry information in addition to firm specific financial statements.

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