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Tickers in this Article: GWRE, RGR, DVA, LNKD, NS, SNP, VMI
The market is currently up, with the Nasdaq climbing 0.2%, the S&P 500 up 0.2%, and the Dow rising 0.3%. Formerly run as a private organization, the NYSE became a public entity in 2005 following the acquisition of electronic trading exchange Archipelago.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
CompanyMarket CapPercentage Change
Guidewire Software (NYSE:GWRE)$1.55 billion+9.5%
Sturm, Ruger (NYSE:RGR)$833.5 million+6.9%
DaVita (NYSE:DVA)$9.24 billion+6.2%
Linkedin (NYSE:LNKD)$11.35 billion+5.7%
NuStar Energy (NYSE:NS)$3.61 billion-4.1%
China Petroleum & Chemical Corp (NYSE:SNP)$79.23 billion-2.7%
Valmont Industries (NYSE:VMI)$3.44 billion+2.1%
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Increasing 9.5%, Guidewire Software (NYSE:GWRE) is trading at $32.15 per share. The company's volume for the morning is 1.6 million shares. This is 4.8 times the current daily average. Volume is also used as a secondary indicator to help confirm what the price movement is suggesting. In making a decision about a potential or existing investment, valuation ratios are useful as a basis for seeing whether the stock price is too high, reasonable, or a bargain. The debt ratio measures the leverage of a company, and a company's leverage is a good way to assess risk. GWRE has a low debt ratio of 32.2%. In other words, the company is less sensitive to changes in business or interest rates since less of its cash flow is dedicated to paying off loan expenses. However, one thing to note with this ratio: it isn't a pure measure of a company's debt (or indebtedness), as it also includes operational liabilities, such as accounts payable and taxes payable.

Sturm, Ruger (NYSE:RGR) has risen 6.9% and is currently trading at $46.50 per share. The company's volume is currently 309,337 shares for the day,. If a stock price moves on high volume, this means that the change is a significant one. While investment valuation ratios are useful tools in estimating the attractiveness of an investment, remember that it is important to look at a company's historical performance and compare the company ratios with its competitors and industry overall. A simple P/E ratio can reveal the stock's real market value and show how the valuation compares to its industry group or a benchmark like the S&P 500 Index. RGR has a P/E ratio of 15.5, high compared to the industry average of 4.79. A company with a high P/E ratio will eventually have to live up to the high rating by substantially increasing its earnings, or the price will need to drop. To determine the P/E ratio, an investor divides the market price of the stock by the earnings-per-share (EPS) of the stock. SEE: How To Find P/E And PEG Ratios

DaVita (NYSE:DVA) is currently trading at $103.72 per share, a 6.2% increase. The company's volume for the day so far is 885,145 shares. High volume indicates a lot of investor interest while low volume indicates the opposite. Investors can make use of valuation ratios to estimate whether a stock is fairly valued. The price/earnings to growth (PEG) ratio is calculated by dividing the price/earnings ratio by growth in earnings-per-share; the lower the PEG ratio, the more reasonably valued the security. DVA has a PEG ratio of 1.41, which is consistent with the industry average. Because of the adjustment for earnings growth rate, the PEG ratio is somewhat more useful than many formulas for comparing companies in different industries.

Linkedin (NYSE:LNKD) has moved up 5.7% and is currently trading at $113.50 per share. With 2.5 million shares changing hands so far today, the company's volume is 1.2 times its current three-month average. The trading volume for a stock indicates the level of investor interest. It is important for an investor to estimate the value of any potential or existing investment; valuation ratios make this easier. The price/book value ratio is one of the more common methods of determining whether a stock is fairly valued. The P/B ratio for LNKD is 15.32, indicating that the stock is trading for more than its book value. It is important to take the company's debt into account when using the P/B ratio as debt can boost a company's liabilities to the point where they wipe out much of the book value of its hard assets, creating artificially high P/B values. A weakness of the P/B value ratio is that while the price component is easily determined by looking at the stock quote, the book value component is more difficult to estimate and more open to individual interpretation and analysis. SEE: How Buybacks Warps The Price-To-Book Ratio

NuStar Energy (NYSE:NS) is trading at $48.89 per share, down 4.1%. So far this morning, 2.7 million shares have changed hands. This is 18.7 times its current daily average. If a stock is trading on low volume, then there is not much interest in the stock. On the other hand, if a stock is trading on high volume, then there is a lot of interest in the stock. Investment valuation ratios can be very useful in determining the value of a stock, but it is very important to keep in mind that while some financial ratios have general rules (or a broad application), in most instances it is a prudent practice to look at a company's historical performance and use peer company/industry comparisons to put any given company's ratio in perspective. Dividend yield measures the income that a stock will generate for an investor. NS has a high dividend yield of 8.6%. This could mean either that the stock is underpriced or that the company has fallen on hard times and future dividends will not be as high as previous ones. Just as with the yield on a bond or certificate of deposit, the higher the dividend yield, the higher the return to the investor. SEE: Guide To Stock-Picking Strategies: Income Investing

At $88.87, China Petroleum & Chemical Corp (NYSE:SNP) has slipped 2.7%. So far today, the company's volume is 44,858 shares, consistent with the volume from yesterday lighter than yesterday's volume of 92,596 shares. If a stock price makes a big move up or down, volume lets us know the significance of that move. Looking at a company's valuation ratios is a good way of getting a basic idea as to its value as an investment. Perhaps one of the most widely-used stock analysis tools is the price-to-earnings ratio, or P/E. SNP is in line with the industry average with a P/E ratio of 7.1. A high or low P/E ratio is not good or bad in and of itself, but a company trading with a high P/E ratio must continue to post strong financial performance or its stock price is likely to fall. SEE: Investment Valuation Ratios: Price/Earnings Ratio

After rising 2.1%, Valmont Industries (NYSE:VMI) is currently trading at a share price of $132.07. So far today, the company's volume is 49,706 shares. Volume is an important indicator in technical analysis as it is used to measure the worth of a market move. If the markets have made a strong price move either up or down the perceived strength of that move depends on the volume for that period. The higher the volume during that price move the more significant the move. A wide array of ratios can be used by investors to estimate the attractiveness of a potential or existing investment and get an idea of its valuation. The price/earnings to growth (PEG) ratio compares a company's P/E ratio to its earnings-per-share growth rate, which tells you whether or not you are getting a good value when purchasing a stock with a high price/earnings ratio (P/E ratio). PEG ratio for VMI is 0.69. While P/E ratios are important indicators of market value, a high P/E in and of itself is not bad because it may indicate a company whose earnings are growing very rapidly, so many investors look at the PEG ratio in order to get an idea of whether or not a particular P/E ratio is justified by underlying earnings growth.

The Bottom Line The nature of the market is such that stocks will have good days and bad days. It is important to weigh current activity against historical performance when making any investment decisions. Tools like valuation ratios and profit margins, however, are only as useful as the context you put them in; remember to take historical data and competitor performance into account.

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