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Tickers in this Article: R, ENS, CACI, AVY, TDC, RGR, MMS
This morning, the Nasdaq remains relatively unchanged, the S&P 500 is trading up 0.4% and the Dow has climbed 0.5%. Today, more than half of all NYSE trades are conducted electronically, although floor traders are still used to set pricing and deal in high volume institutional trading.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
CompanyMarket CapPercentage Change
Ryder System (NYSE:R)$2 billion+5.8%
EnerSys (NYSE:ENS)$1.73 billion-4.5%
CACI International (NYSE:CACI)$1.18 billion-4.1%
Avery (NYSE:AVY)$3.19 billion-3.9%
Teradata (NYSE:TDC)$12.82 billion-3.5%
Sturm, Ruger (NYSE:RGR)$910.1 million-3.2%
MAXIMUS (NYSE:MMS)$2.04 billion-3.2%
Broker Summary: OptionsXpress Online Trading Platform

After rising 5.8%, Ryder System (NYSE:R) is currently trading at a share price of $41.50. At 374,673 shares, the company's volume so far today is more than yesterday's 345,139 shares. Volume indicates the level of interest that investors have in a company at its current price. When estimating the value of a particular investment, valuation ratios provide a good basis for assessing the value of an individual stock. The dividend yield is calculated by dividing a company's dividends per share by its stock price. R has a dividend yield of 3.2%. It is important to remember that dividends are only one component of a stock's return and capital appreciation (or decline) must also be considered when evaluating a security. SEE: Due Diligence On Dividends

Slipping 4.5%, EnerSys (NYSE:ENS) is currently trading at $34.46 per share. So far today, the company's volume is 316,897 shares. This is 0.8 times the average volume over the last three months. If a stock price moves on high volume, this means that the change is a significant one. It is important for an investor to estimate the value of any potential or existing investment; valuation ratios make this easier. Using price/earnings ratios (P/E ratios) does not give an indication of whether or not an individual company's ratio is reasonable, a shortcoming that can be corrected by using the price/earnings to growth ratio (PEG ratio). ENS' PEG ratio of 0.86 is in line with the industry average. While P/E ratios are important indicators of market value, a high P/E in and of itself is not bad because it may indicate a company whose earnings are growing very rapidly, so many investors look at the PEG ratio in order to get an idea of whether or not a particular P/E ratio is justified by underlying earnings growth.

Currently trading at $49.93 per share, CACI International (NYSE:CACI) has fallen 4.1%. So far today, 261,541 shares have changed hands. Volume is also used as a secondary indicator to help confirm what the price movement is suggesting. Investors can make use of valuation ratios to estimate whether a stock is fairly valued. The price/book value ratio provides a way of evaluating whether a stock is relatively cheap or expensive. CACI's stock is trading for less than its book value as can be seen from it's P/B value of 0.97. This could mean that either the market believes the asset value is overstated, or the company is earning a very poor (even negative) return on its assets. P/B value ratios are particularly useful to value investors, distressed or "vulture" investors, or any other investors purchasing beaten-down securities but are less useful to investors focused on growth stocks, purchasing IPOs, or investing in technology or other "asset-lite" companies. SEE: Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

Avery (NYSE:AVY) has decreased to $30.22 per share, a 3.9% fall. So far today, the company's volume is 782,949 shares, one times the average daily volume. A stock's volume conveys how excited investors are about it. Valuation ratios like the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield are useful in determining how attractive a potential or existing investment is. The price/earnings ratio is calculated by taking a stock price and dividing it by the earnings-per-share (EPS). Compared to the industry average of 9.3, AVY's P/E ratio of 18.4 is quite high. This could mean that the market is expecting big things over the next few months or years. A high or low P/E ratio is not good or bad in and of itself, but a company trading with a high P/E ratio must continue to post strong financial performance or its stock price is likely to fall. SEE: How To Find P/E And PEG Ratios

Falling 3.5%, Teradata (NYSE:TDC) is currently at a share price of $73.43. So far today, the company's volume is 2.3 million shares. This is greater than yesterday's volume of one million shares. Volume is an important indicator in technical analysis as it is used to measure the worth of a market move. If the markets have made a strong price move either up or down the perceived strength of that move depends on the volume for that period. The higher the volume during that price move the more significant the move. Investors can use valuation ratios as tools to estimate what kind of deal a particular investment is. The price/sales ratio is used for spotting recovery situations or for double-checking that a company's growth has not become overvalued. TDC's P/S ratio of 4.75 is on the high side. In young companies, a high P/S ratio is a sign of sales growth that is expected to turn into earnings and cash flow. It is important to compare P/S ratios for companies in the same industry, as ratios can vary quite widely for companies in different industries.

After a decline of 3.2%, Sturm, Ruger (NYSE:RGR) has hit a share price of $45.96. The company's volume is currently 170,619 shares for the day, consistent with its current three-month average. If a stock price makes a big move up or down, volume lets us know the significance of that move. A company's value as an investment is more easily estimated using valuation ratios such as the price to earnings (P/E) ratio, the price to earnings growth (PEG) ratio, the price to sales (P/S) ratio, the price to book (P/B) ratio, and the dividend yield. The easy-to-calculate debt ratio is helpful to investors looking for a quick take on the leverage for a company. The debt ratio for RGR is a low 29.4%. This indicates that the company engages in conservative financing with opportunities to borrow in the future at no significant risk. However, one thing to note with this ratio: it isn't a pure measure of a company's debt (or indebtedness), as it also includes operational liabilities, such as accounts payable and taxes payable.

At $57.91, MAXIMUS (NYSE:MMS) has slipped 3.2%. This morning, the company is trading a volume of 94,944 shares. Price change alone is not enough to know how a stock is doing. Volume is an important secondary indicator used to confirm trends suggested by price movement. Looking at a company's valuation ratios is a good way of getting a basic idea as to its value as an investment. The debt-equity (D/E) ratio is a measurement of how much suppliers, lenders, creditors and obligors have committed to the company versus what the shareholders have committed. The debt-equity ratio of 1% is relatively low. A low D/E ratio may be a sign that the company is not taking advantage of leverage to increase its profits. The D/E ratio is not a pure measurement of a company's debt because it includes operational liabilities in total liabilities.

The Bottom Line The nature of the market is such that stocks will have good days and bad days. Daily stock performance should be weighed against historical performance and put in context of the market overall. Keep in mind that all these ratios should be compared against historical numbers and industry information in order to get a more complete picture.

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