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Tickers in this Article: YELP, DY, BPT, WLP, MW, SXL, SQM
The Nasdaq has declined 0.2%, the S&P 500 has remained steady and the Dow has been relatively flat this morning. Today, more than half of all NYSE trades are conducted electronically, although floor traders are still used to set pricing and deal in high volume institutional trading.

The biggest movers traded on the NYSE so far are:
CompanyMarket CapPercentage Change
Yelp (NYSE:YELP)$1.12 billion+18.9%
Dycom Industries (NYSE:DY)$634.7 million-18.6%
BP Prudhoe Bay (NYSE:BPT)$2 billion-9.3%
WellPoint (NYSE:WLP)$18.66 billion+7.5%
Men\'s Wearhouse (NYSE:MW)$1.57 billion+4.1%
Sunoco Logistics Partners (NYSE:SXL)$4.63 billion+3.7%
Sociedad Quimica y Minera (NYSE:SQM)$15.79 billion+2.8%
Software Summary: Finviz.com Stock Screener

Yelp (NYSE:YELP) rose a significant 18.9% to reach $21.71 per share. This morning, 4.4 million shares have been traded, which is more trading activity than there was yesterday. A stock's volume conveys how excited investors are about it. Investment valuation ratios can be very useful in determining the value of a stock, but it is very important to keep in mind that while some financial ratios have general rules (or a broad application), in most instances it is a prudent practice to look at a company's historical performance and use peer company/industry comparisons to put any given company's ratio in perspective. The price/book value ratio provides a way of evaluating whether a stock is relatively cheap or expensive. The P/B ratio for YELP is 9.44, indicating that the stock is trading for more than its book value. This high share price relative to asset value is likely to indicate that the company has been earning a very high return on its assets. P/B value ratios are particularly useful to value investors, distressed or "vulture" investors, or any other investors purchasing beaten-down securities but are less useful to investors focused on growth stocks, purchasing IPOs, or investing in technology or other "asset-lite" companies. SEE: Investment Valuation Ratios: Price/Book Value Ratio

Dycom Industries (NYSE:DY) is currently trading at $15.37 per share, after a steep drop of 18.6%. The company is currently trading a volume of 2.7 million shares. This is 10.9 times the average volume over the last three months. Volume is used to evaluate how meaningful the price movement of a stock is. Understanding investment valuation ratios allows an investor to assess the true value of an individual stock. The debt ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets. The debt ratio for DY is a low 49.3%. In other words, the company is less sensitive to changes in business or interest rates since less of its cash flow is dedicated to paying off loan expenses. However, one thing to note with this ratio: it isn't a pure measure of a company's debt (or indebtedness), as it also includes operational liabilities, such as accounts payable and taxes payable.

At $84.77, BP Prudhoe Bay (NYSE:BPT) has slipped 9.3%. The company is currently trading a volume of 1.2 million shares. Volume indicates the level of interest that investors have in a company at its current price. Investors can make use of valuation ratios to estimate whether a stock is fairly valued. The price/sales ratio is used for spotting recovery situations or for double-checking that a company's growth has not become overvalued. The P/S ratio for BPT is a high 11.89. This could be a good sign if the share price increases. It is important to compare P/S ratios for companies in the same industry, as ratios can vary quite widely for companies in different industries.

WellPoint (NYSE:WLP) has increased to a share price of $61.69, a 7.5% rise. The company's volume is currently 7.1 million shares for the day, 3.4 times the average daily volume. As a stock moves up or down, it is important to pay attention to the trading volume. This indicates the level of interest: the higher the volume, the more the interest. While investment valuation ratios are useful tools in estimating the attractiveness of an investment, remember that it is important to look at a company's historical performance and compare the company ratios with its competitors and industry overall. The capitalization ratio is calculated by dividing long-term debt by the sum of long-term debt and shareholders' equity. WLP has a capitalization ratio of 30%. A low level of debt and a healthy proportion of equity in a company's capital structure is an indication of financial fitness.

Men's Wearhouse (NYSE:MW) is currently trading at $31.99 per share, a 4.1% increase. The company's volume is currently 272,051 shares. Volume is also used as a secondary indicator to help confirm what the price movement is suggesting. Investors can use valuation ratios as tools to estimate what kind of deal a particular investment is. A company's price/earnings ratio (P/E ratio) provides a measure of how expensive or cheap a stock is. MW's P/E ratio of 13.3 falls below the industry average of 17.63. Companies with low P/E ratios may find it easier to surprise the market to the upside, even if their financial performance is not as strong as that of companies with high P/E ratios. To determine the P/E ratio, an investor divides the market price of the stock by the earnings-per-share (EPS) of the stock. SEE: Investment Valuation Ratios: Price/Earnings Ratio

Sunoco Logistics Partners (NYSE:SXL) has risen 3.7% to hit a current price of $46.32 per share. So far today, the company's volume is 161,311 shares, 0.9 times the average volume over the last three months. If a stock price moves on high volume, this means that the change is a significant one. Looking at a company's valuation ratios is a good way of getting a basic idea as to its value as an investment. As with most ratios, comparisons of company price/earnings to growth ratios (PEG ratios) are most appropriate for similar companies. SXL's PEG ratio of 2.11 is in line with the industry average. While P/E ratios are important indicators of market value, a high P/E in and of itself is not bad because it may indicate a company whose earnings are growing very rapidly, so many investors look at the PEG ratio in order to get an idea of whether or not a particular P/E ratio is justified by underlying earnings growth.

Sociedad Quimica y Minera (NYSE:SQM) is at $61.67 per share after an increase of 2.8%. The company's volume for the day so far is 314,371 shares. When a stock price moves up or down, watching the volume is a good way of identifying how significant that shift is. Investment valuation ratios provide investors with an estimation, albeit a simplistic one, of the value of a stock. If the price/book value ratio of a stock is high, it may indicate that the stock is expensive, while a lower ratio may indicate that the stock is a bargain. SQM's P/B ratio of 8.28 shows that its share price is higher than its book value. This may be a sign that the company is overvalued. A weakness of the P/B value ratio is that while the price component is easily determined by looking at the stock quote, the book value component is more difficult to estimate and more open to individual interpretation and analysis. SEE: How Buybacks Warps The Price-To-Book Ratio

The Bottom Line No matter the economic climate, Wall Street will always have stocks that make major moves each week. Daily stock performance should be weighed against historical performance and put in context of the market overall. However, these fundamental metrics must be analyzed with historic data, industry information in addition to firm specific financial statements.

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