10-Year Treasury Note


DEFINITION of '10-Year Treasury Note'

A debt obligation issued by the United States government that matures in 10 years. A 10-year Treasury note pays interest at a fixed rate once every six months and pays the face value to the holder at maturity. An advantage of investing in 10-year Treasury notes, and other federal government securities, is that the interest payments are exempt from state and local income tax. However, they are still taxable at the federal level.

BREAKING DOWN '10-Year Treasury Note'

The U.S. Treasury also sells notes with two, three, five and seven-year terms. All of these notes, along with Treasury bills and bonds, can be purchased directly from the U.S. government through the TreasuryDirect website via competitive or noncompetitive bidding with a minimum purchase of $100 and in $100 increments. They can also be purchased indirectly through a bank or broker. Investors can choose to hold Treasury notes until maturity or sell early. There is no minimum ownership term.

  1. Bond

    A debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity ...
  2. Earnings Credit Rate - ECR

    A daily calculation of interest paid on idle funds that reduce ...
  3. Bond Equity Earnings Yield Ratio ...

    A metric used to evaluate the relationship between bond yields ...
  4. Off-The-Run Treasuries

    All Treasury bonds and notes issued before the most recently ...
  5. On-The-Run Treasuries

    The most recently issued U.S. Treasury bond or note of a particular ...
  6. U.S. Treasury

    Created in 1798, the United States Department of the Treasury ...
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Junk Bonds: Everything You Need To Know

    Don't be fooled by the name - junk bonds may be for you if you know how to analyze them.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Savings Bonds For Income And Safety

    Bonds offer undeniable benefits to investors, including safety and tax advantages.
  3. Taxes

    Agency Bonds: Limited Risk And Higher Return

    Discover these safe alternatives to Treasury bonds.
  4. Retirement

    Hedge Your Bets With Inflation-Linked Bonds

    ILBs such as TIPS and I-Bonds allow investors to curb the corrosive effects of inflation and increase portfolio diversification.
  5. Economics

    Keep an Eye on These Emerging Economies

    Emerging markets have been hammered lately, but these three countries (and their large and young populations) are worth monitoring.
  6. Investing

    The ABCs of Bond ETF Distributions

    How do bond exchange traded fund (ETF) distributions work? It’s a question I get a lot. First, let’s explain what we mean by distributions.
  7. Investing Basics

    Are ETFs the Best Way to Diversify with Bonds?

    Are bonds safe or risky right now? It depends on the type of bond and how you invest in them.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best Buy-and-Hold ETFs

    Explore detailed analyses of the top buy-and-hold exchange traded funds, and learn about their characteristics, statistics and suitability.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 Muni California Mutual Funds

    Discover analyses of the top three California municipal bond mutual funds, and learn about their characteristics, historical performance and suitability.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 4 Investment Grade Corporate Bonds ETFs

    Discover detailed analysis and information about some of the top exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that offer exposure to the investment-grade corporate bond market.
  1. How does the amount of the principal fluctuate depending on inflation?

    Inflation does not affect the nominal value of the principal balance of a loan, bond or other financial instrument. Inflation ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the differences between a treasury bond and a treasury note and a treasury ...

    The federal government offers three categories of fixed income securities to the buying public: Treasury bonds (T-bonds), ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Are high yield bonds a good investment?

    Bonds are rated according to their risk of default by independent credit rating agencies such as Moody's, Standard & ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Do mutual funds invest only in stocks?

    Mutual funds invest in stocks, but certain types also invest in government and corporate bonds. Stocks are subject to the ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the maximum Social Security disability benefits?

    The maximum Social Security disability benefit amount for a single eligible person in 2015 is $1,165 per month, but you can ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the relationship between the current yield and risk?

    The general relationship between current yield and risk is that they increase in correlation to one another. A higher current ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Purchasing Power

    The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing ...
  2. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  3. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  4. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  5. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  6. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!