12B-1 Fund

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DEFINITION of '12B-1 Fund'

A type of mutual fund that charges its holders 12B-1 fees instead of up-front or back-end commissions. 12B-1 funds take a portion of assets held and use them to pay expense fees and distribution costs. These costs are included in the fund's expense ratio and are described in the prospectus.

BREAKING DOWN '12B-1 Fund'

The name 12B-1 comes from the Investment Company Act of 1940's Rule 12B-1, which allows fund companies to act as distributors of their own shares. Rule 12B-1 further states that a mutual fund's own assets can be used to pay distribution charges. Originally, the rule was intended to pay advertising and marketing expenses; today, however, a very small percentage of the fee actually goes toward these costs.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. Are mutual fund performance numbers reported net of fees (operating expenses and ...

    The answer depends on how you define "operating expenses."Let's look at a cinematic metaphor to clear up this apparent ambiguity. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Is there a situation in which wash trading is legal?

    Wash trading, the intentional practice of manipulating a stock's activity level to deceive other investors, is not a legal ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What action is the SEC likely to take on 12b-1 fees?

    The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) may take action to impose greater regulation on how 12b-1 fees are used, or ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is considered a reasonable 12b-1 fee?

    A reasonable 12b-1 fee is generally considered to be 0.25% of the assets of the mutual fund. The maximum amount allowed for ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are some of the most common mutual funds that give exposure to the retail sector?

    There are a number of mutual funds that give exposure to the retail sector. Three of the most popular funds are the Fidelity ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the 12b-1 fee meant to cover?

    A 12b-1 fee in a mutual fund is meant to cover the fees of companies and individuals through which investors of a fund buy ... Read Full Answer >>

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