130-30 Strategy


DEFINITION of '130-30 Strategy'

A strategy that uses financial leverage by shorting poor performing stocks and purchasing shares that are expected to have high returns. A 130-30 ratio implies shorting stocks up to 30% of the portfolio value and then using the funds to take a long position in the stocks the investor feels will outperform the market. Often, investors will mimic an index such as the S&P 500 when choosing stocks for this strategy.

BREAKING DOWN '130-30 Strategy'

To engage in a 130-30 strategy, an investment manager could rank the stocks used in the S&P 500 from best to worse on expected return, as signaled by past performance. From the best ranking stocks, the manager would invest 100% of the portfolio's value and short sell the bottom ranking stocks, up to 30% of the portfolio's value. The cash earned from the short sales would be reinvested into top-ranking stocks, allowing for greater diversification in the higher ranks.

  1. Short Selling

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  3. Expected Return

    The amount one would anticipate receiving on an investment that ...
  4. Long (or Long Position)

    1. The buying of a security such as a stock, commodity or currency, ...
  5. Leverage

    1. The use of various financial instruments or borrowed capital, ...
  6. Standard & Poor's 500 Index - S&P ...

    An index of 500 stocks chosen for market size, liquidity and ...
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