25% Rule

AAA

DEFINITION of '25% Rule'

1. The idea that a local government's long-term debt should not exceed 25% of its annual budget. Any debt beyond this threshold is considered excessive and a potential risk, since the municipality may have trouble paying the cost of debt.


2. A technique for determining royalties which stipulates that a party selling a product based on another party's intellectual property must pay that party a royalty of 25% of the gross profit made from the sale, before taxes. The 25% rule applies to trademarks, copyrights, patents and other forms of intellectual property.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS '25% Rule'

1. Municipal governments looking to fund projects through bond issues have to make assumptions about the revenue they expect to bring in, which in turn will allow them to support bond payments. If revenue falls short of expectations those municipalities may not be able to make bond payments, which can hurt their credit rating. Municipal bond holders want to make sure that the issuing authority has the capacity to pay without getting in too deep.


2. Setting the value of intellectual property is a complex matter. The 25% rule does not closely define what "gross profit" includes, which creates ambiguity in the valuation calculation. Because it's a hard-and-fast rule, it does not take into account the costs associated with marketing the product. For example, the holder of a copyright will receive a 25% royalty, though the party doing the selling usually incurs the cost of creating demand in the market through advertising.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Tax-Exempt Sector

    The market niche comprised of investment vehicles exempt from ...
  2. Intellectual Property

    A broad categorical description for the set of intangibles owned ...
  3. Mello-Roos

    In the U.S., a form of financing that can be used by cities, ...
  4. Municipal Bond Fund

    A mutual fund that invests in municipal bonds, or "munis." Municipal ...
  5. Municipal Bond

    A debt security issued by a state, municipality or county to ...
  6. Patent

    A government license that gives the holder exclusive rights to ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What are the advantages of using an effective interest rate figure?

    The primary advantage of using the effective interest rate figure is simply that it is a more accurate figure of actual interest ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the pros and cons of operating on a balanced-budget?

    Few issues are more complicated, contentious and controversial in contemporary American politics than balancing the federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the risks associated with investing in a treasury bond?

    It's common for financial analysts and investment publications to refer to U.S. Treasury bonds (T-bonds) as risk-free investments. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How is it possible for a rate to be entirely risk-free?

    It is not possible for a rate to be entirely risk-free. The risk-free rate of return is a theoretical construct that underlies ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How is the risk-free rate of interest used to calculate other types of interest rates ...

    The risk-free rate for bonds is used for pricing the yield spread as the difference between the interest rate on a bond and ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between a repurchase agreement and reverse repurchase agreement?

    A repurchase agreement, or repo, is a form of collateralized lending, while a reverse repurchase agreement, or reverse repo, ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Patents Are Assets, So Learn How To Value Them

    Innovation is the key to staying on top. Find out how companies protect their ideas and how to figure out how much they're worth.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Basics Of Municipal Bonds

    Investing in these bonds may offer a tax-free income stream but they are not without risks.
  3. Bonds & Fixed Income

    How Bond Market Pricing Works

    Learn the basic rules that govern how bond prices are determined.
  4. Taxes

    Avoid Tricky Tax Issues On Municipal Bonds

    Learn the rules every investor should know before buying into this "tax-free" investment.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Pros & Cons Of Bond Funds Vs. Bond ETFs

    Understanding the pros and cons of bond funds and bond ETFs will help you choose the instrument that is best for building your diversified bond portfolio.
  6. Bonds & Fixed Income

    African Sovereign Debt: Risks and Rewards

    African sovereign debt offers high yields and upside — if one has the stomach for the risk.
  7. Economics

    A Risky Maneuver To Jumpstart Japan's Economy

    Japan's government and the Bank of Japan are buying large amounts of government bonds in an effort to spark economic activity, but there are great risks.
  8. Economics

    What is Earnest Money?

    An earnest money deposit shows the seller that a buyer is serious about purchasing a property.
  9. Investing Basics

    CDs or Bonds: Which Investment is Better For You

    When choosing between CDs and bonds, investors who seek to maximize their returns but also want a large measure of safety should consider the following:
  10. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Interested In West African Debt? Look Here First

    Promising high yields that the Eurozone and U.S. can't match, West African sovereign debt has caught the attention of savvy investors.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Expected Return

    The amount one would anticipate receiving on an investment that has various known or expected rates of return. For example, ...
  2. Carrying Value

    An accounting measure of value, where the value of an asset or a company is based on the figures in the company's balance ...
  3. Capital Account

    A national account that shows the net change in asset ownership for a nation. The capital account is the net result of public ...
  4. Brand Equity

    The value premium that a company realizes from a product with a recognizable name as compared to its generic equivalent. ...
  5. Adverse Selection

    1. The tendency of those in dangerous jobs or high risk lifestyles to get life insurance. 2. A situation where sellers have ...
Trading Center