Accounts Payable Subsidiary Ledger


DEFINITION of 'Accounts Payable Subsidiary Ledger'

An accounting ledger that shows the transaction history and amounts owed separately for each supplier from whom the business receives credit for purchases. The balance in the customer accounts is periodically reconciled with the accounts payable (AP) balance in the general ledger to ensure accuracy. The AP subsidiary ledger is also commonly referred to as the AP subledger or subaccount.

BREAKING DOWN 'Accounts Payable Subsidiary Ledger'

The utility of the accounts payable subsidiary ledger lies in the fact that it can show at a glance the amounts owed to a specific supplier. For example, the general balance may show a total accounts payable balance of $50,000, but it will not show which supplier is owed how much. This information can be gleaned from the accounts payable subsidiary ledger.

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  1. Are accounts payable counted as revenue?

    In financial accounting, revenue entries are made in the general ledger whenever a business receives, or expects to receive, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Are accounts payable an asset?

    Accounts payable is considered a current liability, not an asset, on the balance sheet. The value listed next to accounts ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Should companies break out accounts receivables into subledgers?

    All companies that sell on credit should have subledgers for their accounts receivables, especially if the company also acts ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can working capital be depreciated?

    Working capital as current assets cannot be depreciated the way long-term, fixed assets are. In accounting, depreciation ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Do working capital funds expire?

    While working capital funds do not expire, the working capital figure does change over time. This is because it is calculated ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How much working capital does a small business need?

    The amount of working capital a small business needs to run smoothly depends largely on the type of business, its operating ... Read Full Answer >>

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