Accruals

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Accruals'

Accounts on a balance sheet that represent liabilities and non-cash-based assets used in accrual-based accounting. These accounts include, among many others, accounts payable, accounts receivable, goodwill, future tax liability and future interest expense.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Accruals'

The use of accrual accounts has greatly increased the amount of information on accounting statements. Before the use of accruals only cash transactions were recorded on these statements. But cash transactions don't give information about other important business activities, such as revenue based on credit and future liabilities. By using accruals, a company can measure what it owes looking forward and what cash revenue it expects to receive. It also allows a company to show assets that do not have a cash value, such as goodwill.

VIDEO

RELATED TERMS
  1. Goodwill

    An account that can be found in the assets portion of a company's ...
  2. Cash Accounting

    An accounting method where receipts are recorded during the period ...
  3. Accounting

    The systematic and comprehensive recording of financial transactions ...
  4. Accrual Accounting

    An accounting method that measures the performance and position ...
  5. Accrued Expense

    An accounting expense recognized in the books before it is paid ...
  6. Accrued Interest

    1. A term used to describe an accrual accounting method when ...
Related Articles
  1. Accruals represent liabilities and non-cash-based assets.
    Investing

    What does Accrual Mean?

    In accrual-based accounting, transactions are recorded on the books as they occur, even if payment has not yet been received or made. Accruals represent liabilities and non-cash-based assets. ...
  2. Markets

    Operating Cash Flow: Better Than Net Income?

    Differences between accrual accounting and cash flows show why net income is easier to manipulate.
  3. Markets

    Intangible Assets Provide Real Value To Stocks

    Intangible assets don't appear on balance sheets, but they're crucial to judging a company's value.
  4. Options & Futures

    Advanced Financial Statement Analysis

    Learn what it means to do your homework on a company's performance and reporting practices before investing.
  5. Delivery duty paid (DDP) is a shipping term.
    Investing

    What does DDP Mean?

    Delivery duty paid (DDP) is a shipping term specifying that the seller is responsible for all costs associated with delivery of the goods to the buyer. It is usually used when goods are exported ...
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a good interest coverage ratio?

    Learn the importance of the interest coverage ratio, one of the primary debt ratios analysts use to evaluate a company's financial health.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    What is a bad interest coverage ratio?

    Understand how interest coverage ratio is calculated and what it signifies, and learn what market analysts consider to be an unacceptably low coverage ratio.
  8. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What is liquidity risk?

    Learn how to distinguish between the two broad types of financial liquidity risk: funding liquidity risk and market liquidity risk.
  9. Technical Indicators

    What is a good gearing ratio?

    Understand the meaning of the gearing ratio, how it is calculated, the definition of high and low gearing, and how they reflect relative financial stability.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is considered to be a bad gearing ratio?

    Understand the basics of gearing, including the net gearing ratio, what constitutes a bad gearing ratio and how this figure reflects financial stability.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  2. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  3. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  4. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  5. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  6. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
Trading Center