Accumulated Earnings and Profits


DEFINITION of 'Accumulated Earnings and Profits'

An accounting term applicable to stockholders of closely held businesses. Accumulated earnings and profits are a company's net profits after deducting distributions to the stockholders. This is calculated as of the beginning of the year.

BREAKING DOWN 'Accumulated Earnings and Profits'

Accumulated earnings and profits are similar to retained earnings, because both terms refer to the net profits of a company after shareholder distributions. However, accumulated earnings and profits also can include reserve accounts, which are not deductible and which can be included when computing taxable earnings.

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  1. Can working capital be depreciated?

    Working capital as current assets cannot be depreciated the way long-term, fixed assets are. In accounting, depreciation ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do working capital funds expire?

    While working capital funds do not expire, the working capital figure does change over time. This is because it is calculated ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How much working capital does a small business need?

    The amount of working capital a small business needs to run smoothly depends largely on the type of business, its operating ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does high working capital say about a company's financial prospects?

    If a company has high working capital, it has more than enough liquid funds to meet its short-term obligations. Working capital, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can working capital affect a company's finances?

    Working capital, or total current assets minus total current liabilities, can affect a company's longer-term investment effectiveness ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What can working capital be used for?

    Working capital is used to cover all of a company's short-term expenses, including inventory, payments on short-term debt ... Read Full Answer >>

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