Actuarial Valuation

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Actuarial Valuation'

An actuarial valuation is a type of appraisal which requires making economic and demographic assumptions in order to estimate future liabilities. The assumptions are typically based on a mix of statistical studies and experienced judgment. Since assumptions are often derived from long-term data, unusual short-term conditions or unanticipated trends can occasionally cause problems.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Actuarial Valuation'

A common example where an actuarial valuation is in the valuation of a pension fund. It is usually easy to value a pension fund's assets because they primarily hold liquid securities such as stocks and bonds. However, it can be very difficult to value the liabilities of a pension fund. First, assumptions must be made to determine the total value of pension payouts that must be made in the future. Second, assumptions must also be made as to the expected growth of the fund's assets which will allow it to meet those obligations. If either set of assumptions proves to be significantly off, then there might be too little (or too much) funds in the future to pay pension benefits.

RELATED TERMS
  1. National Association Of Certified ...

    A group of business professionals that provide valuation and ...
  2. Actuarial Assumption

    An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an uncertain variable ...
  3. Actuarial Science

    A discipline that assesses financial risks in the insurance and ...
  4. Actuarial Consultant

    A professional who advises clients on which methods, processes, ...
  5. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation ...

    A non-profit corporation that functions under the jurisdiction ...
  6. Actuary

    A professional statistician working for an insurance company. ...
Related Articles
  1. Retirement

    Is Your Defined-Benefit Pension Plan Safe?

    Your plan may not last in a rocky market. Find out whether your savings will be affected.
  2. Retirement

    The Investing Risk Of Underfunded Pension Plans

    Determine the risk to a company's EPS and financial condition resulting from an underfunded pension plan.
  3. Retirement

    The Defined-Benefit Plan's Many Problems

    The shift in retirement plan schemes - from defined benefit plans to defined contribution plans - raises some important issues.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Spotting Creative Accounting On The Balance Sheet

    Companies have ways of manipulating their balance sheets that investors should be aware of.
  5. Budgeting

    The Demise Of The Defined-Benefit Plan

    Experts are making bleak predictions for your post-work years. Be prepared and plan for your future.
  6. Investing

    How To Evaluate Pension Risk By Analyzing Annual Costs

    Learn how to assess whether a company's pension plan is posing more risks than what the footnotes indicate.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    The Future of Big Pharma Stocks

    A look at the future health of big pharma stocks.
  8. Trading Strategies

    How to Do the Fundamental And Technical Combo Trade

    Fundamental and technical analyses should be viewed as complementary rather than competing practices. When combined, these two methods can greatly strengthen your game.
  9. Charts & Patterns

    Why These Could Be 2015's 10 Best Biotech Stocks

    A quick look at a 10 biotech companies that are poised to deliver for shareholders in 2015.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    How To Build A Bond Ladder?

    Bond laddering is a strategy used when building a portfolio: an investor can spread out interest rate risk and create a stream of cash flows for income.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. DuPont Analysis

    A method of performance measurement that was started by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s. With this method, assets are ...
  2. Asset Class

    A group of securities that exhibit similar characteristics, behave similarly in the marketplace, and are subject to the same ...
  3. Fiat Money

    Currency that a government has declared to be legal tender, but is not backed by a physical commodity. The value of fiat ...
  4. Interest Rate Risk

    The risk that an investment's value will change due to a change in the absolute level of interest rates, in the spread between ...
  5. Income Effect

    In the context of economic theory, the income effect is the change in an individual's or economy's income and how that change ...
  6. Price-To-Sales Ratio - PSR

    A valuation ratio that compares a company’s stock price to its revenues. The price-to-sales ratio is an indicator of the ...
Trading Center