Actuarial Valuation

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Actuarial Valuation'

An actuarial valuation is a type of appraisal which requires making economic and demographic assumptions in order to estimate future liabilities. The assumptions are typically based on a mix of statistical studies and experienced judgment. Since assumptions are often derived from long-term data, unusual short-term conditions or unanticipated trends can occasionally cause problems.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Actuarial Valuation'

A common example where an actuarial valuation is in the valuation of a pension fund. It is usually easy to value a pension fund's assets because they primarily hold liquid securities such as stocks and bonds. However, it can be very difficult to value the liabilities of a pension fund. First, assumptions must be made to determine the total value of pension payouts that must be made in the future. Second, assumptions must also be made as to the expected growth of the fund's assets which will allow it to meet those obligations. If either set of assumptions proves to be significantly off, then there might be too little (or too much) funds in the future to pay pension benefits.

RELATED TERMS
  1. National Association Of Certified ...

    A group of business professionals that provide valuation and ...
  2. Actuarial Assumption

    An actuarial assumption is an estimate of an uncertain variable ...
  3. Actuarial Science

    A discipline that assesses financial risks in the insurance and ...
  4. Actuarial Consultant

    A professional who advises clients on which methods, processes, ...
  5. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation ...

    A non-profit corporation that functions under the jurisdiction ...
  6. Actuary

    A professional statistician working for an insurance company. ...
Related Articles
  1. Retirement

    Is Your Defined-Benefit Pension Plan Safe?

    Your plan may not last in a rocky market. Find out whether your savings will be affected.
  2. Retirement

    The Investing Risk Of Underfunded Pension Plans

    Determine the risk to a company's EPS and financial condition resulting from an underfunded pension plan.
  3. Retirement

    The Defined-Benefit Plan's Many Problems

    The shift in retirement plan schemes - from defined benefit plans to defined contribution plans - raises some important issues.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Spotting Creative Accounting On The Balance Sheet

    Companies have ways of manipulating their balance sheets that investors should be aware of.
  5. Budgeting

    The Demise Of The Defined-Benefit Plan

    Experts are making bleak predictions for your post-work years. Be prepared and plan for your future.
  6. Investing

    How To Evaluate Pension Risk By Analyzing Annual Costs

    Learn how to assess whether a company's pension plan is posing more risks than what the footnotes indicate.
  7. Investing

    What Happened To Obama’s Amnesty Bill?

    The sweeping Republican majorities were supposed to trigger change, but now they are preparing to embrace the Obama immigration policy.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    What's a Tangible Asset?

    Tangible assets are property owned by a business that can be touched -- they physically exist. Examples include furniture and fixtures, computer hardware, delivery equipment, leasehold improvements ...
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Cash Flow From Operating Activities

    Cash flow from operating activities is a section of the Statement of Cash Flows that is included in a company’s financial statements after the balance sheet and income statements.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    What are the most common issues with Serial Correlation in stocks?

    Read about the concept of serial correlation in stock returns, and learn why market analysts are divided about the efficacy of trading based on stock patterns.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Commercial Paper

    An unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by a corporation, typically for the financing of accounts receivable, inventories ...
  2. Federal Funds Rate

    The interest rate at which a depository institution lends funds maintained at the Federal Reserve to another depository institution ...
  3. Fixed Asset

    A long-term tangible piece of property that a firm owns and uses in the production of its income and is not expected to be ...
  4. Break-Even Analysis

    An analysis to determine the point at which revenue received equals the costs associated with receiving the revenue. Break-even ...
  5. Key Performance Indicators - KPI

    A set of quantifiable measures that a company or industry uses to gauge or compare performance in terms of meeting their ...
  6. Bank Guarantee

    A guarantee from a lending institution ensuring that the liabilities of a debtor will be met. In other words, if the debtor ...
Trading Center