Ad Infinitum

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Ad Infinitum'

A Latin phrase meaning "to infinity" - in other words, forever. In finance, the term is associated with a perpetuity, in which the payments derived from an asset at fixed intervals are assumed to go on forever and ever, or ad infinitum.

BREAKING DOWN 'Ad Infinitum'

Payments received ad infinitum do indeed go on a very long time. But it's important to realize that, because of the time value of money, the present value (i.e, the value today) of those payments very far off in the future (say, 50 years from now) is negligible. Thus the present value of an ordinary annuity (i.e., one with a fixed end) of 50 years is not very much less than that of a perpetuity whose payments go on ad infinitum.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Perpetual Preferred Stock

    A type of preferred stock that has no maturity date. The issuers ...
  2. Perpetual Bond

    A bond with no maturity date. Perpetual bonds are not redeemable ...
  3. Perpetuity

    A constant stream of identical cash flows with no end. The formula ...
  4. Monthly Income Plan - MIP

    A type of investment vehicle that provides a specified monthly ...
  5. Ordinary Annuity

    A series of equal payments made at the end of each period over ...
  6. Cost Accounting

    A type of accounting process that aims to capture a company's ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Calculating The Present And Future Value Of Annuities

    At some point in your life, you may have had to make a series of fixed payments over a period of time - such as rent or car payments - or have received a series of payments over a period of time, ...
  2. Investing Basics

    Understanding The Time Value Of Money

    Find out why time really is money by learning to calculate present and future value.
  3. Options & Futures

    Selecting The Payout On Your Annuity

    Make sure you understand your options for withdrawing your funds from this complex instrument.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Examining Mexico's Trillion-Dollar GDP

    Examining the gross domestic product growth and composition of Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    What Causes Inflation in the United States

    Inflation is the main catalyst behind U.S monetary policy. But what causes this phenomenon of sustained rising prices? Read on to find out.
  6. Retirement

    Retirement Planning for Entrepreneurs and Small Businesses

    If your business has receiveables, here's a smart way to leverage them to build up your retirement fund fast.
  7. Fundamental Analysis

    Is India the Next Emerging Markets Superstar?

    With a shift towards manufacturing and services, India could be the next emerging market superstar. Here, we provide a detailed breakdown of its GDP.
  8. Retirement

    Best Ways to Save For Retirement Without an IRA or 401(k)

    Learn the most common types of savings vehicles used to accumulate money for retirement outside employer-sponsored 401(k)s or IRA accounts.
  9. Term

    Estimating with Subjective Probability

    Subjective probability is someone’s estimation that an event will occur.
  10. Investing Basics

    Understanding the Modigliani-Miller Theorem

    The Modigliani-Miller (M&M) theorem is used in financial and economic studies to analyze the value of a firm, such as a business or a corporation.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Why do companies issue 100-year bonds?

    Although it is rare, companies do issue bonds that exceed an average person's life expectancy. For example, multi-billion ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the best ways to sell an annuity?

    The best ways to sell an annuity are to locate buyers from insurance agents or companies that specialize in connecting buyers ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How are non-qualified variable annuities taxed?

    Non-qualified variable annuities are tax-deferred investment vehicles with a unique tax structure. After-tax money is deposited ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can a variable annuity be rolled into an IRA?

    You can roll qualified variable annuities, such as other qualified retirement plan accounts, into a traditional IRA. Non-qualified ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Are variable annuities subject to required minimum distribution (RMD)?

    Variable annuities are insurance contracts that provide tax-deferred growth of assets that can later generate a guaranteed ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Recession

    A significant decline in activity across the economy, lasting longer than a few months. It is visible in industrial production, ...
  2. Bubble Theory

    A school of thought that believes that the prices of assets can temporarily rise far above their true values and that these ...
  3. Stock Market Crash

    A rapid and often unanticipated drop in stock prices. A stock market crash can be the result of major catastrophic events, ...
  4. Financial Crisis

    A situation in which the value of financial institutions or assets drops rapidly. A financial crisis is often associated ...
  5. Election Period

    The period of time during which an investor who owns an extendable or retractable bond must indicate to the issuer whether ...
  6. Shanghai Stock Exchange

    The largest stock exchange in mainland China, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is a nonprofit organization run by the China Securities ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!