Advance Payment

DEFINITION of 'Advance Payment'

Any type of payment that is made ahead of its normal schedule, such as paying for a good or service before you actually receive the good or service. Advance payments are sometimes required by sellers as protection against non-payment.

BREAKING DOWN 'Advance Payment'

Some everyday examples of advance payments are prepaid cellphones, or simply prepaying your rent or utilities as many people do now. In the corporate world, companies often have to make advance payments to suppliers when their orders are large. Suppliers may not have enough capital to buy the materials needed to produce a large order, so they use part of the advance payment to pay for the product they will be creating. If a corporation is required to make an advance payment, it is recorded as a prepaid expense on the balance sheet under the accrual accounting method.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Accelerated Payments

    A term associated with making additional unscheduled payments ...
  2. Accruals

    Accounts on a balance sheet that represent liabilities and non-cash-based ...
  3. Prepaid Expense

    A type of asset that arises on a balance sheet as a result of ...
  4. Accrual Accounting

    Accrual accounting is an accounting method that measures the ...
  5. Short-Term Debt

    An account shown in the current liabilities portion of a company's ...
  6. Audit

    An unbiased examination and evaluation of the financial statements ...
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Exploring The Current Account In The Balance Of Payments

    Learn how a country's current account balance reflects the country's economic health.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Understanding Capital And Financial Accounts In The Balance Of Payments

    The current, capital and financial accounts compose a nation's balance of payments.
  3. Economics

    Understanding Cost-Volume Profit Analysis

    Business managers use cost-volume profit analysis to gauge the profitability of their company’s products or services.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    5 Must-Have Metrics For Value Investors

    Focusing on certain fundamental metrics is the best way for value investors to cash in gains. Here are the most important metrics to know.
  5. Fundamental Analysis

    5 Basic Financial Ratios And What They Reveal

    Understanding financial ratios can help investors pick strong stocks and build wealth. Here are five to know.
  6. Investing Basics

    How to Analyze a Company's Inventory

    Discover how to analyze a company's inventory by understanding different types of inventory and doing a quantitative and qualitative assessment of inventory.
  7. Stock Analysis

    Understanding Chipotle's Financials (CMG)

    Learn about Chipotle Mexican Grill and its financial statements, including metrics such as comparable sales, operating margin and returns.
  8. Professionals

    A Day In The Life Of A Public Accountant

    Here's an inside look at the workdays of two experienced CPAs, to give you an idea of what it might be like to pursue a career as a public accountant.
  9. Professionals

    A Day in the Life of a Public Accountant

    There’s no typical day in the life of a public accountant, but one accountant’s experience may shed some light on what the career entails.
  10. Investing Basics

    How To Decode A Company’s Earnings Reports

    Earnings reports tell investors how a publicly-traded company is performing, but aren’t always easy to decipher.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Why would a company make drastic cuts to its dividend payments?

    A dividend cut occurs when a dividend paying company either completely stops paying out dividends (a worst-case scenario) ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What does CHIPS UID mean?

    CHIPS UID stands for Clearing House Interbank Payments System Universal Identifier. This is just a fancy name for an electronic ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What items are considered liquid assets?

    A liquid asset is cash on hand or an asset that can be readily converted to cash. An asset that can readily be converted ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is the formula for calculating EBITDA?

    When analyzing financial fitness, corporate accountants and investors alike closely examine a company's financial statements ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the formula for calculating the debt-to-equity ratio?

    Expressed as a percentage, the debt-to-equity ratio shows the proportion of equity and debt a firm is using to finance its ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I calculate the P/E ratio of a company?

    The price-earnings ratio (P/E ratio) is a valuation measure that compares the level of stock prices to the level of corporate ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  2. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
  3. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  4. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  5. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  6. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
Trading Center