Adverse Action

DEFINITION of 'Adverse Action'

An action that denies an individual or business credit, employment, insurance or other benefits. An adverse action is generally taken by a business or government based on a criminal past or information found in credit reports.

BREAKING DOWN 'Adverse Action'

Adverse action is defined in various laws passed by Congress, including the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Credit Reporting Act. In the event of an adverse action, applicable law describes the various remedies that may be taken. For example, if a consumer is turned down for a loan because of negative information contained in a credit report, he or she can review the report at no cost.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How many free credit reports can you get per year?

    Individuals with valid Social Security numbers are permitted to receive up to three credit reports every 12 months rather ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Is it possible to get a free credit report from Equifax?

    It is possible to get a free credit report from Equifax, as well as the other two major credit bureaus, Experian and TransUnion. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do free credit reports affect your credit score?

    Free credit reports do not impact your credit score. Credit inquiries are divided into two categories: soft inquiries and ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Does a free credit report show your credit score?

    The free credit reports available from the three credit reporting agencies do not include your credit score. Under the 2 ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Is getting a free credit report safe?

    Getting a free credit report can be safe if you are careful about the particular website from which you get it. Credit reports ... Read Full Answer >>
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