Agency MBS Purchase

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DEFINITION of 'Agency MBS Purchase'

The purchase of mortgage-backed securities issued by government-sponsored enterprises such as Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. The term is most commonly used to refer to the U.S. Federal Reserve's $1.25 trillion program to purchase agency mortgage-backed securities, which commenced on Jan. 5, 2009 and was completed on Mar. 31, 2010.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Agency MBS Purchase'

The goal of the Federal Reserve's $1.25 trillion agency MBS purchase program was to provide support to mortgage and housing markets, and also to foster improved conditions in financial markets. When the Federal Reserve commenced these purchases in January 2009, the U.S. and global equity markets were trading at multi-year lows amid an intense credit crunch, and widespread concern about the global economy heading for a depression.

The MBS purchase program was instrumental in providing price support to these securities and dissipating the panic that had gripped many market participants. By the time the Federal Reserve completed the purchase program in March 2010, the S&P 500 had appreciated more than 75% from its March 2009 low and global equity markets had been in full rally mode for over a year, perhaps exceeding the Fed's most optimistic expectations.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Fannie Mae - Federal National Mortgage ...

    A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) that was created in 1938 ...
  2. Ginnie Mae - Government National ...

    A U.S. government corporation within the U.S. Department of Housing ...
  3. Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities ...

    A type of mortgage-backed security that is secured by the loan ...
  4. Mortgage-Backed Security (MBS)

    A type of asset-backed security that is secured by a mortgage ...
  5. Freddie Mac - Federal Home Loan ...

    A stockholder-owned, government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) chartered ...
  6. Marginable

    Definition of "marginable."
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is a Ginnie Mae security?

    A Ginnie Mae, or Government National Mortgage Association security, functions similarly to the process of lending someone ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) priced?

    The price of an American depositary receipt (ADR) is determined by the bank or other financial institution that issues it. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How does the bond market react to changes in the Federal Funds Rate?

    The bond market is highly sensitive to changes in the federal funds rate. When the Federal Reserve increases the federal ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why do commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve?

    Commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve primarily to meet reserve requirements when their cash on hand is low before ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the differences between the Federal Funds Rate and LIBOR?

    In macroeconomics, the interest rate plays a crucial role in delivering an equilibrium on the assets market by equating the ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) exchanged?

    American depositary receipts (ADRs) are bought and sold on regular U.S. stock exchanges, either in the over-the-counter market ... Read Full Answer >>
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