Aleatory Contract


DEFINITION of 'Aleatory Contract'

A contract type in which the parties involved do not have to perform a particular action until a specific event occurs. Events are those which cannot be controlled by either party, such as natural disasters and death. Aleatory contracts are commonly used in insurance policies. The insurer does not have to pay the insured until an event, such as a fire, results in property loss.

BREAKING DOWN 'Aleatory Contract'

Aleatory contracts are historically related to gambling, and appeared in Roman law as contracts related to chance events. In the insurance example, this is because the payouts to the insured are unbalanced. Until the insurance policy results in a payout, the insured pays premiums without receiving anything in return besides coverage. When the payouts do occur, they can far outweigh the sum of premiums paid to the insurer.

  1. Insurance Proceeds

    The benefit proceeds paid out by any type of insurance policy ...
  2. Insurance Claim

    A formal request to an insurance company asking for a payment ...
  3. Life Insurance

    A protection against the loss of income that would result if ...
  4. Actuarial Risk

    The risk that the assumptions that actuaries implement into a ...
  5. Premium

    1. The total cost of an option. 2. The difference between the ...
  6. Insurance

    A contract (policy) in which an individual or entity receives ...
Related Articles
  1. Home & Auto

    The Beginner's Guide To Homeowners' Insurance

    Discover everything new homeowners need to know before they sign on the dotted line.
  2. Insurance

    15 Insurance Policies You Don't Need

    Learn how to save money by saying "no" to unnecessary coverage.
  3. Home & Auto

    Understanding Lender-Required Flood Insurance

    Having to buy flood insurance shouldn't be a surprise. Find out what you need to know when purchasing or refinancing a house.
  4. Insurance

    Life Insurance: Putting A Price On Peace Of Mind

    Would your death leave loved ones financially stranded? Find out how to ease your mind and keep them protected.
  5. Insurance

    How Life Insurance Works in a Divorce

    Learn the implications of life insurance in a divorce situation, and identify the steps you should take to ensure your policies are sorted out post-divorce.
  6. Insurance

    Cashing in Your Life Insurance Policy

    Tough times call for desperate measures, but is raiding your life insurance policy even worth considering?
  7. Insurance

    Avoiding The Modified Endowment Contract Trap

    To avoid MEC status, flexible-premium policies must cap the amount that can be paid into the policy over a period of seven years.
  8. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What is an Indenture?

    An indenture is a legal and binding contract between a bond issuer and the bondholders.
  9. Brokers

    The Next Industries Bound to be Uberized

    As more startups succeed with the sharing economy business model, investors seek out businesses poised to disrupt their industries like Uber.
  10. Budgeting

    When Using a Money Order Makes Sense

    Money orders are usually the least expensive way to send "cleared" funds to pay a bill (or traffic ticket). Here's how they work and what to watch out for.
  1. How long does a stock account have to be dormant before it can be escheated?

    A stock account is typically considered dormant and eligible for escheatment after five years of inactivity; however, this ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do beneficiaries pay taxes on life insurance?

    Generally speaking, when the beneficiary of a life insurance policy receives the death benefit, this money is not counted ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can I borrow from my annuity to put a down payment on a house?

    You can borrow from your annuity to put a down payment on a house, but be prepared to pay an assortment of fees and penalties. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the biggest disadvantages of annuities?

    Annuities can sound enticing when pitched by a salesperson who, not coincidentally, makes huge commissions selling them. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the risks of annuities in a recession?

    Annuities come in several forms, the two most common being fixed annuities and variable annuities. During a recession, variable ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I determine if a longevity annuity is right for me?

    A longevity annuity may be right for an individual if, based on his current health and a family history of longevity, he ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  2. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  3. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  4. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  5. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  6. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
Trading Center