Aleatory Contract

DEFINITION of 'Aleatory Contract'

A contract type in which the parties involved do not have to perform a particular action until a specific event occurs. Events are those which cannot be controlled by either party, such as natural disasters and death. Aleatory contracts are commonly used in insurance policies. The insurer does not have to pay the insured until an event, such as a fire, results in property loss.

BREAKING DOWN 'Aleatory Contract'

Aleatory contracts are historically related to gambling, and appeared in Roman law as contracts related to chance events. In the insurance example, this is because the payouts to the insured are unbalanced. Until the insurance policy results in a payout, the insured pays premiums without receiving anything in return besides coverage. When the payouts do occur, they can far outweigh the sum of premiums paid to the insurer.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Insurance Proceeds

    The benefit proceeds paid out by any type of insurance policy ...
  2. Insurance Claim

    A formal request to an insurance company asking for a payment ...
  3. Life Insurance

    A protection against the loss of income that would result if ...
  4. Premium

    1. The total cost of an option. 2. The difference between the ...
  5. Insurance

    A contract (policy) in which an individual or entity receives ...
  6. Actuarial Risk

    The risk that the assumptions that actuaries implement into a ...
Related Articles
  1. Home & Auto

    The Beginner's Guide To Homeowners' Insurance

    Discover everything new homeowners need to know before they sign on the dotted line.
  2. Insurance

    15 Insurance Policies You Don't Need

    Learn how to save money by saying "no" to unnecessary coverage.
  3. Home & Auto

    Understanding Lender-Required Flood Insurance

    Having to buy flood insurance shouldn't be a surprise. Find out what you need to know when purchasing or refinancing a house.
  4. Insurance

    Life Insurance: Putting A Price On Peace Of Mind

    Would your death leave loved ones financially stranded? Find out how to ease your mind and keep them protected.
  5. Insurance

    Indexed Universal Life: Flexibility and Safety

    A universal life insurance policy is a flexible form of permanent life insurance that offers the low-cost protection of term life with a savings element.
  6. Insurance

    Beware the Sneaky Math of Universal Life Insurance

    Universal life insurance's cash value can be a cash cow – if there's any left. Read on to see if it'll work as an income source after you've retired.
  7. Your Practice

    How Do Edward Jones and Merrill Lynch Compare?

    Merrill Lynch and Edward Jones have both been around for decades, but they approach business very differently. Here's the lowdown on how they compare.
  8. Products and Investments

    Cash Value vs Term Life Insurance: Which is Best?

    The debate between cash value life insurance and term insurance plus an investment plan is an ongoing one. Here's a look at both sides of the argument.
  9. Insurance

    Getting Your (Insurance) House in Order

    From starting a family to retirement, insurance can play a role in taking care of financial needs. This piece looks at some of the choices you can make.
  10. Term

    Is Term Life Insurance the Right Choice?

    Term life insurance is a policy with a limited coverage period.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How long does a stock account have to be dormant before it can be escheated?

    A stock account is typically considered dormant and eligible for escheatment after five years of inactivity; however, this ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do beneficiaries pay taxes on life insurance?

    Generally speaking, when the beneficiary of a life insurance policy receives the death benefit, this money is not counted ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can I borrow from my annuity to put a down payment on a house?

    You can borrow from your annuity to put a down payment on a house, but be prepared to pay an assortment of fees and penalties. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the biggest disadvantages of annuities?

    Annuities can sound enticing when pitched by a salesperson who, not coincidentally, makes huge commissions selling them. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the risks of annuities in a recession?

    Annuities come in several forms, the two most common being fixed annuities and variable annuities. During a recession, variable ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I determine if a longevity annuity is right for me?

    A longevity annuity may be right for an individual if, based on his current health and a family history of longevity, he ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Short Selling

    Short selling is the sale of a security that is not owned by the seller, or that the seller has borrowed. Short selling is ...
  2. Harry Potter Stock Index

    A collection of stocks from companies related to the "Harry Potter" series franchise. Created by StockPickr, this index seeks ...
  3. Liquidation Margin

    Liquidation margin refers to the value of all of the equity positions in a margin account. If an investor or trader holds ...
  4. Black Swan

    An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult ...
  5. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  6. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
Trading Center