DEFINITION of 'Alphabet Stock'

An equity share that is tied to a specific subsidiary of a corporation. It called an alphabet stock because the classification system uses letters to distinguish the stock from the parent company's stock. Alphabet stock has different voting rights from the parent company's stock. Moreover, alphabet stock typically pays a dividend that is tied to the operating performance of the particular subsidiary rather than the parent company.

BREAKING DOWN 'Alphabet Stock'

Also referred to as a special class stock. An example of an alphabet stock would be Berkshire Hathaway's class A and class B shares. Alphabet stocks typically result from acquisitions or restructuring, but a company may issue them for other reasons.

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