Appellate Courts


DEFINITION of 'Appellate Courts'

The part of the judicial system that is responsible for hearing and reviewing appeals from legal cases that have already been heard in a trial-level or other lower court. Persons or entities such as corporations having an unsuccessful outcome in a trial-level or other lower court may file an appeal with an appellate court to have the decision reviewed. Appellate courts are present at the state and federal levels.

BREAKING DOWN 'Appellate Courts'

Appellate courts exist as part of the judicial system to provide those who have judgments made against them an opportunity to have their case reviewed. A corporation with an unfavorable judgment against them will likely see a drop in share price but an appeal could overturn this previous ruling. If an appeal is successful, the stock price usually jumps.

Courts at the appellate level review the findings and evidence from the lower court and determine if there is sufficient evidence to support the determination made by the lower court. In addition, the appellate court will determine if the trial or lower court correctly applied the law. The highest form of an appellate court in the United States is the United States Supreme Court which hears only appeals of major importance and consequence.

  1. Appeal Bond

    An amount of money placed in holding while the appeal is being ...
  2. Bail Bond

    A written promise signed by a defendant and surety to ensure ...
  3. Stare Decisis

    A Latin term meaning "to stand by that which is decided". Stare ...
  4. Tort Law

    The area of law that covers the majority of all civil lawsuits. ...
  5. Admiralty Court

    Any court governed by admiralty law, whether the court is officially ...
  6. Judgment

    A court order to the loser of a lawsuit to pay the winner a specified ...
Related Articles
  1. Entrepreneurship

    Don't Get Sued: 5 Tips To Protect Your Small Business

    Find out what you can do to limit risk and keep your business running smoothly.
  2. Home & Auto

    Cover Your Company With Liability Insurance

    Every business is susceptible to legal action. Find out how to protect yours.
  3. Home & Auto

    It's Raining Lawsuits: Do You Need An Umbrella Policy?

    This type of insurance protects your assets and future wages against lawsuits. Find out if it might benefit you.
  4. Personal Finance

    Litigation: Are Your Investments At Risk?

    Don't let company lawsuits hit you unprepared. Learn how to uncover how they might affect you.
  5. Options & Futures

    The Foundation Of Structured Settlements

    This annuitized payment setup should be arranged through impartial attorneys and tax agents.
  6. Home & Auto

    Protect Your Company From Employee Lawsuits

    Understanding employment practices liability insurance is easy, once you know the basics.
  7. Investing Basics

    How To Handle A Serious Dispute With Your Broker

    Find out what to do if you have a dispute with your broker.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    How 4 Companies Are Changing the Legal Industry

    An overview of four companies transforming the way consumers and businesses interact with lawyers.
  9. Investing Basics

    10 Facts You Didn’t Know About Amazon

    Learn some interesting facts about Incorporated, the history behind Amazon's name and the hidden services and technologies that Amazon offers.
  10. Personal Finance

    The World's Top 10 Law Firms

    Here is a list of world's top ten law firms in terms of revenue.
  1. What is the difference between legal liability and public liability?

    When you see the term "public liability" attached to a business, its products or its services, it refers to a specific type ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What kinds of financial instruments are designated as “Securities” by Cabinet Order?

    In Japan, securities are regulated by the Diet and the Financial Services Agency, or FSA. Rulings about securities come down ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What's the difference between cash-on-delivery differ and delivery against payment?

    Cash on delivery and delivery versus payment describe different procedures and timing of payments. Cash on delivery describes ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the different ways I can file my income tax return?

    In contractual law, a letter of intent is a document that represents an agreement between parties before the final agreement ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How are corporate poison pills regulated in the United States?

    The Delaware Supreme Court was the first legal authority to declare poison pills a valid initiative. This defense is either ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How legally binding is a letter of intent?

    A signatory may be bound to a letter of intent depending on how the letter is drafted. In a business-to-business transaction, ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  2. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  3. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  4. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  5. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  6. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
Trading Center