Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ARM

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ARM'

A type of mortgage in which the interest rate paid on the outstanding balance varies according to a specific benchmark. The initial interest rate is normally fixed for a period of time after which it is reset periodically, often every month. The interest rate paid by the borrower will be based on a benchmark plus an additional spread, called an ARM margin.

An adjustable rate mortgage is also known as a "variable-rate mortgage" or a "floating-rate mortgage".

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ARM'

Both 2/28 and 3/27 mortgages are examples of ARMs. A 2/28 mortgage's initial interest rate is fixed for a period of two years and then resets to a floating rate for the remaining 28 years of the mortgage. A 3/27 mortgage is typically the same as a 2/28 mortgage, except that the interest rate is fixed for three years and then floats for the remaining 27 years of the mortgage.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Annual Cap

    A clause found in the contract of an adjustable-rate mortgage ...
  2. 2/28 Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ...

    A type of adjustable-rate mortgage that has a two-year fixed ...
  3. Mortgage Index

    The benchmark interest rate an adjustable-rate mortgage's fully ...
  4. ARM Margin

    A fixed percentage rate that is added to an index value to determine ...
  5. Lifetime Cap

    The maximum interest rate on an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) ...
  6. 3/27 Adjustable-Rate Mortgage - ...

    A type of adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) frequently offered to ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Do mortgage escrow accounts earn interest?

    A bank is not required to pay interest on any escrow accounts (also mortgage impound accounts) it holds for its customers. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What role did securitization play in the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis?

    The securitization of subprime mortgages into mortgage-backed securities (MBS) and collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How often is interest compounded?

    Interest can be compounded on any given frequency schedule. Common interest compounding time frames are daily, monthly, semi-annually ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does the loan-to-value ratio affect my mortgage payments?

    Several factors affect the mortgage rate you can obtain when you purchase a home. Lenders analyze credit histories and scores ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What's the difference between a collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and a collateralized ...

    A collateralized mortgage obligation, or CMO, is a type of mortgage-backed security (MBS) issued by an lender that handles ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between a savings & loan company and a bank?

    Savings and loan (S&L) companies provide many of the same services to customers as banks, including deposits, loans, ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    ARMed And Dangerous

    In a climate of rising interest rates, having an adjustable-rate mortgage can be risky.
  2. Credit & Loans

    Mortgages: Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate

    Both of these have advantages and disadvantages depending on your financial needs and prospects.
  3. Personal Finance

    Understanding Your Mortgage

    We walk through the steps needed to secure the best loan to finance the purchase of your home.
  4. Options & Futures

    Make A Risk-Based Mortgage Decision

    Find out how to choose which mortgage style is right for you.
  5. Home & Auto

    5 Risky Mortgage Types To Avoid

    There are plenty of ways to end up with a bad mortgage. The risks of these five should make every homebuyer think twice before signing.
  6. Home & Auto

    Adjustable-Rate Mortgage Indexes: Know Your Benchmark

    Understanding these benchmarks can help you select the most competitive adjustable-rate loan.
  7. Investing Basics

    Subprime Lending: Helping Hand Or Underhanded?

    These loans can spell disaster for borrowers, but that doesn't mean they should be condemned.
  8. Home & Auto

    Option ARMs: American Dream Or Mortgage Nightmare?

    Option adjustable rate mortgages could make or break your home-buying experience.
  9. Credit & Loans

    Is A 30-Year Mortgage Really Best?

    It's the most popular choice, but home buyers with 30-year mortgages may be paying more to finance their home than they need to.
  10. Credit & Loans

    What Are The Pros and Cons Of A 15-Year Mortgage?

    The shorter term, and higher monthly payment, are only part of the picture.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Adverse Selection

    1. The tendency of those in dangerous jobs or high risk lifestyles to get life insurance. 2. A situation where sellers have ...
  2. Wash Trading

    The process of buying shares of a company through one broker while selling shares through a different broker. Wash trading ...
  3. Fixed-Income Arbitrage

    An investment strategy that attempts to profit from arbitrage opportunities in interest rate securities. When using a fixed-income ...
  4. Venture-Capital-Backed IPO

    The selling to the public of shares in a company that has previously been funded primarily by private investors. The alternative ...
  5. Merger Arbitrage

    A hedge fund strategy in which the stocks of two merging companies are simultaneously bought and sold to create a riskless ...
  6. Market Failure

    An economic term that encompasses a situation where, in any given market, the quantity of a product demanded by consumers ...
Trading Center