Associate Company


DEFINITION of 'Associate Company'

A corporation whose parent company possesses only a minority stake in the ownership of the corporation. An associate company is partly owned by another company or group of companies. The parent company or companies do not consolidate the associate company's financial statements. The parent company typically owns 20 to 50% of the voting shares; if more than 50% of the shares are owned by a parent company, it creates a subsidiary (where the parent company consolidates the financial statements). Typically, the parent company records the associate company's value as an asset in its balance sheet. Also called Associate.

BREAKING DOWN 'Associate Company'

Associate companies are not fully consolidated. Consolidated financial statements are the combined financial statements of a parent company and its associated company or subsidiaries. Rather than being consolidated, the revenue and profits from associate companies appear separately on the parent company's profit and loss (P&L) statements. Associate companies are sometimes created in host countries in the case of foreign direct investments to reduce any negative stigma connected to the foreign ownership.

  1. Profit and Loss Statement (P&L)

    A financial statement that summarizes the revenues, costs and ...
  2. Subsidiary

    A company whose voting stock is more than 50% controlled by another ...
  3. Foreign Direct Investment - FDI

    Foreign Direct Investment (or FDI) is an investment made by a ...
  4. Affiliate

    A type of inter-company relationship in which one of the companies ...
  5. Parent Company

    A company that controls other companies by owning an influential ...
  6. Conglomerate

    A company that owns controlling stake in a number of smaller ...
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  1. What are the differences between affiliate, associate and subsidiary companies?

    All three of these terms refer to the degree of ownership that a parent company holds in another company. In most cases, ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between a green field and a brown field investment?

    Green-field and brown-field investments are two different types of foreign direct investment, or FDI. Green-field investments ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why is the 1982 AT&T breakup considered one of the most successful spinoffs in history?

    AT&T had a history reaching back to 1885 and, as a government-supported monopoly, was a highly profitable company. Colloquially ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are domestic and foreign subsidiaries included on a company's financial statements?

    A subsidiary is a company that is controlled by another 'parent' company. The subsidiary acts and operates like its own entity ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do businesses decide whether to do FDI via green field investments or acquisitions?

    When businesses decide to expand their operations to another country, one of the more important dilemmas they can face is ... Read Full Answer >>

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