Available-For-Sale Security


DEFINITION of 'Available-For-Sale Security'

A debt or equity security that is purchased with the intent of selling before it reaches maturity, or selling prior to a lengthy time period in the event the security does not have a maturity. Accounting standards necessitate that companies classify any investments in debt or equity securities when they are purchased. The investments can be classified as: held to maturity, held for trading or available for sale.


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BREAKING DOWN 'Available-For-Sale Security'

An available-for-sale security is a debt or equity security that is not classified as a held-for-trading or held-to-maturity security. This type of security is reported at fair value; changes in value between accounting periods are included in comprehensive income until the securities are sold.

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