Bank of First Deposit - BOFD

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DEFINITION of 'Bank of First Deposit - BOFD'

The bank where a check is initially deposited to an account. If the check is drawn on the same bank, it is an "on-us" check that can be settled in-house.

If the check is drawn on another institution, it is presented for payment and either processed through the Federal Reserve System or cleared through private arrangements between banks.

BREAKING DOWN 'Bank of First Deposit - BOFD'

The Federal Reserve System was created because, during the financial panic of 1907, many banks failed to clear checks drawn on other banks.

The industry routing numbers developed in the 1940s that appear at the bottom of checks help ensure timely payment, which is usually the same or the next business day. In the 1970s, the ACH (automatic clearinghouse) system was developed to permit the electronic conversion of checks.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. How can I cancel a bank draft that I have purchased?

    It is not commonly possible to cancel or stop payment on a bank draft since it, in effect, represents a transaction that ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How does investment banking differ from commercial banking?

    Investment banking and commercial banking are two primary segments of the banking industry. Investment banks facilitate the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Why do commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve?

    Commercial banks borrow from the Federal Reserve primarily to meet reserve requirements when their cash on hand is low before ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a bank determine what my discretionary income is when making a loan decision?

    Discretionary income is the money left over from your gross income each month after taking out taxes and paying for necessities. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What role does a correspondent bank play in an international transaction?

    A correspondent bank is most typically used in international buy, sell or money transfer transactions to facilitate foreign ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. For what types of accounts are demand deposits available?

    There are essentially three types of accounts available as demand deposits: checking accounts, savings accounts and money ... Read Full Answer >>

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