Bank Discount Basis

DEFINITION of 'Bank Discount Basis'

A quoting convention used by financial institutions when quoting prices for fixed-income securities sold at a discount, particularly U.S. Government issues. The quote is presented as a percentage of face value, and is determined by discounting the bond by using a 360-day-count convention, which assumes there are twelve 30-day months in a year.

Also referred to as "discount yield".

BREAKING DOWN 'Bank Discount Basis'

Differences in the day count convention used by the firm quoting a fixed-income security is subtle, but important. Over longer maturities, the day count convention will have a greater impact on the current 'price' of a bond than if the time to maturity is much shorter.

The 30/360 day-count convention is the standard when quoting government treasury bonds for banks.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Maturity

    The period of time for which a financial instrument remains outstanding. ...
  2. Bond

    A debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity ...
  3. Day-Count Convention

    A system used to determine the number of days between two coupon ...
  4. Present Value - PV

    The current worth of a future sum of money or stream of cash ...
  5. Fixed-Income Security

    An investment that provides a return in the form of fixed periodic ...
  6. Quote

    1. The last price at which a security or commodity traded, meaning ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    How To Create A Modern Fixed-Income Portfolio

    Exposure to different asset classes is required to generate income, reduce risk and beat inflation. Find out how bonds can help.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Asset Allocation In A Bond Portfolio

    An investor's fixed-income portfolio can easily beat the average bond fund. Learn how and why!
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    5 Basic Financial Ratios And What They Reveal

    Understanding financial ratios can help investors pick strong stocks and build wealth. Here are five to know.
  4. Investing

    How Rising Interest Rates Affect Junk Bonds

    We examine the impact of rising interest rates on higher-yielding bonds.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best Fidelity Funds for Income Seekers in 2016

    Discover the four best fixed-income mutual funds administered and managed by Fidelity Investments suitable for income-seeking investors.
  6. Investing

    What Investors Need to Know About Returns in 2016

    Last year wasn’t a great one for investors seeking solid returns, so here are three things we believe all investors need to know about returns in 2016.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The 4 Best Vanguard Funds for Income Seekers in 2016

    Discover four mutual funds administered and managed by the Vanguard Group that would be suitable for income-seeking investors for 2016.
  8. Economics

    The Basics Of Business Forecasting

    Whether business forecasts pertain to finances, growth, or raw materials, it’s important to remember that a forecast is little more than an informed guess.
  9. Economics

    Forces Behind Interest Rates

    Interest is a cost for one party, and income for another. Regardless of the perspective, interest rates are always changing.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    5 Vanguard Fixed Income Fund Outperformers

    Discover analyses of three Vanguard fixed-income funds that have historically outperformed their benchmark indexes, and learn about their characteristics.
RELATED FAQS
  1. If different bond markets use different day-count conventions, how do I know which ...

    A day-count convention is a system used in the bond markets to determine the number of days between two coupon dates. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is finance?

    "Finance" is a broad term that describes two related activities: the study of how money is managed and the actual process ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between positive and normative economics?

    Positive economics is objective and fact based, while normative economics is subjective and value based. Positive economic ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the maximum Social Security disability benefits?

    The average Social Security disability benefit amount for a recipient of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) in 2 ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I calculate the future value of an annuity?

    When planning for retirement, it is important to have a good idea of how much income you can rely on each year. There are ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Have hedge funds eroded market opportunities?

    Hedge funds have not eroded market opportunities for longer-term investors. Many investors incorrectly assume they cannot ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  2. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  3. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  4. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
  5. Dark Pool Liquidity

    The trading volume created by institutional orders that are unavailable to the public. The bulk of dark pool liquidity is ...
Trading Center