Bank Discount Basis

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Bank Discount Basis'

A quoting convention used by financial institutions when quoting prices for fixed-income securities sold at a discount, particularly U.S. Government issues. The quote is presented as a percentage of face value, and is determined by discounting the bond by using a 360-day-count convention, which assumes there are twelve 30-day months in a year.

Also referred to as "discount yield".

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Bank Discount Basis'

Differences in the day count convention used by the firm quoting a fixed-income security is subtle, but important. Over longer maturities, the day count convention will have a greater impact on the current 'price' of a bond than if the time to maturity is much shorter.

The 30/360 day-count convention is the standard when quoting government treasury bonds for banks.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Bond

    A debt investment in which an investor loans money to an entity ...
  2. Maturity

    The period of time for which a financial instrument remains outstanding. ...
  3. Day-Count Convention

    A system used to determine the number of days between two coupon ...
  4. Fixed-Income Security

    An investment that provides a return in the form of fixed periodic ...
  5. Quote

    1. The last price at which a security or commodity traded, meaning ...
  6. Present Value - PV

    The current worth of a future sum of money or stream of cash ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. If different bond markets use different day-count conventions, how do I know which ...

    A day-count convention is a system used in the bond markets to determine the number of days between two coupon dates. This ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the relationship between the current yield and risk?

    The general relationship between current yield and risk is that they increase in correlation to one another. A higher current ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the utility function and how is it calculated?

    In economics, utility function is an important concept that measures preferences over a set of goods and services. Utility ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is a 'busted' convertible bond?

    In finance, a convertible bond represents a hybrid security that offers debt and equity features and risks. While a convertible ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Who or what is backing municipal bonds?

    Municipal bonds are backed by dedicated taxes or revenue sources related to specific projects, or by the full faith and credit ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the differences between debt and equity markets?

    The basic differences between the debt and equity markets include the type of financial interest they represent, the way ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    How To Create A Modern Fixed-Income Portfolio

    Exposure to different asset classes is required to generate income, reduce risk and beat inflation. Find out how bonds can help.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Asset Allocation In A Bond Portfolio

    An investor's fixed-income portfolio can easily beat the average bond fund. Learn how and why!
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Present Value Interest Factor of Annuity (PVIFA)

    PVIFA can be used to calculate the present value of a series of annuities by considering cash flows and depreciation.
  4. Economics

    What's a Centrally Planned Economy?

    A centrally planned economy is one where the government controls the country’s supply and demand of goods and services.
  5. Economics

    What are Barriers to Entry?

    A barrier to entry is any obstacle that restricts or impedes a company’s efforts to enter an industry.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: SPDR S&P 500 Trust

    Find out more about the SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust, the characteristics of the exchange traded fund and the suitability of investing in the fund.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Energy Select Sector SPDR

    Find out more about the Energy Select Sector SPDR Fund, the top holdings of this exchange-traded fund and the characteristics of the fund.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Vanguard Total Bond Market

    Learn about the Vanguard Total Bond Market exchange-traded fund, its primary portfolio holdings and risk/reward profile based on its past performance.
  9. Investing News

    The Financial Singularity Will Destroy Your Return

    Given the current and future growth of financial technology, many believe algorithms will soon define what drives market outcomes. With a wealth of big data, algorithms would be able to create ...
  10. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What are Floating-Rate Notes?

    A floating-rate note is a debt instrument with an interest rate that “floats,” or varies. They are also called floaters.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Hedging Transaction

    A type of transaction that limits investment risk with the use of derivatives, such as options and futures contracts. Hedging ...
  2. Bogey

    A buzzword that refers to a benchmark used to evaluate a fund's performance. The benchmark is an index that reflects the ...
  3. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  4. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  5. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  6. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!