Bank Rate

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Bank Rate'

The interest rate at which a nation's central bank lends money to domestic banks. Often these loans are very short in duration. Managing the bank rate is a preferred method by which central banks can regulate the level of economic activity. Lower bank rates can help to expand the economy, when unemployment is high, by lowering the cost of funds for borrowers. Conversely, higher bank rates help to reign in the economy, when inflation is higher than desired.

The bank rate can also refer to the interest rate which banks charge customers on loans.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Bank Rate'

In the U.S., the bank rate is often referred to as the federal funds rate. The bank rate is set indirectly by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) which buys or sells treasury securities to regulate the money supply. These actions serve to push the effective federal funds rate closer to the targeted rate. Regulation of the economy through management of the money supply is referred to as monetary policy.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Reserve Requirements

    Requirements regarding the amount of funds that banks must hold ...
  2. Wholesale Money

    Funds borrowed by corporations, in high amounts, through financial ...
  3. Central Bank

    The entity responsible for overseeing the monetary system for ...
  4. Open Market Operations - OMO

    The buying and selling of government securities in the open market ...
  5. Monetary Policy

    The actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory ...
  6. Macroeconomics

    The field of economics that studies the behavior of the aggregate ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is each party's role in a reverse repurchase agreement?

    There are two principal parties in a reverse repurchase agreement. The first party, often called the seller, is offering ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are some of the major regulatory agencies responsible for overseeing financial ...

    There are a number of agencies assigned to regulate and oversee financial institutions and financial markets, including the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. In what manner will a recession likely affect the marginal-propensity-to-save rate ...

    The marginal propensity to save, or MPS, rises in most, though not all, recessions. This makes perfect sense on an individual ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why would a country's gross domestic product (GDP) and gross national income (GNI) ...

    A country’s gross domestic product, or GDP, and gross national income, or GNI, are likely to differ considerably because ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. While closely related, how do gross domestic product (GDP) and gross national income ...

    Gross domestic product, or GDP, and gross national income, or GNI, are the two most important economic indicators that measure ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What risks does the dealer (lender) in a reverse repurchase agreement take on?

    In a conventional repurchase agreement, or repo, the dealer is the borrower and takes on similar risks to borrowers in other ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Few organizations can move the market like the Federal Reserve. As an investor, it's important to understand exactly what the Fed does and how it influences the economy.
  2. Personal Finance

    What Are Central Banks?

    They print money, they control inflation, and much, much more. All you need to know about central banks is here.
  3. Economics

    Is Texas The Future Of America?

    The top three fastest-growing cities are located in Texas and 20% of jobs created between 2009 and 2014 were in the Lone Star State.
  4. Markets

    Rising Interest Rates: Who it Helps, Who it Hurts

    When interest rates rise, the impact hits some of us differently. Here's why.
  5. Stock Analysis

    3 Stocks To Buy and Hold For the Rest of 2015

    One of the dominant themes to consider for 2015 is the normalization of monetary policy as the Fed raises interest rates.
  6. Economics

    Greece Isn’t The Only Problem U.S. Stocks Face

    Both stocks and bonds fell last week, due to several factors dampening investor sentiment. The most obvious one is the evolving situation in Greece.
  7. Entrepreneurship

    Fed Raising Rates Affects Startup Funding

    With interest rates having nowhere else to go but up, the Fed’s impending interest rate raise will likely begin to reverse the flow of startup funding.
  8. Economics

    Explaining Demographics

    Demographics is the study and categorization of people based on factors such as income level, education, gender, race, age, and employment.
  9. Economics

    The Most Likely Outcome For Greece

    After more than five years of a Greek drama, most of us have become fatigued with hearing about Greece’s debt problems, the one issue that won’t go away.
  10. Economics

    Explaining the Reserve Ratio

    Reserve ratio is the amount of cash a bank must keep in its bank vaults or deposit into a central, governing bank.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered ...
  2. Bund

    A bond issued by Germany's federal government, or the German word for "bond." Bunds are the German equivalent of U.S. Treasury ...
  3. European Central Bank - ECB

    The central bank responsible for the monetary system of the European Union (EU) and the euro currency. The bank was formed ...
  4. Quantitative Easing

    An unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases private sector financial assets in order to lower interest ...
  5. Current Account Deficit

    A measurement of a country’s trade in which the value of goods and services it imports exceeds the value of goods and services ...
  6. International Monetary Fund - IMF

    An international organization created for the purpose of: 1. Promoting global monetary and exchange stability. 2. Facilitating ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!