Bearer Instrument

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Bearer Instrument'

A bearer instrument, or bearer bond, is a type of fixed-income security where no ownership information is recorded and the security is issued in physical form to the purchaser. The holder is presumed to be the owner, and whoever is in possession of the physical bond is entitled to the coupon payments.

To receive coupon payments, the bondholder must clip the coupons attached to the bond and submit them for payment. This contrasts with book-entry, where ownership information is noted in a computer database and there are no physical bond certificates.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Bearer Instrument'

It has not been legal to issue bearer bonds in the U.S. municipal or corporate markets since 1982. The only bearer bonds available in the secondary market are long-dated maturities issued before this date, which are becoming increasingly scarce.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Coupon

    The interest rate stated on a bond when it's issued. The coupon ...
  2. Bearer Form

    A security not registered in the issuing corporation's books ...
  3. Holder Of Record

    The name of the person who is the registered owner of a security ...
  4. Secondary Market

    A market where investors purchase securities or assets from other ...
  5. Bearer Bond

    A fixed-income instrument that is owned by whoever is holding ...
  6. Surrender Period

    The amount of time an investor must wait until he or she can ...
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Old Stock Certificates: Lost Treasure Or Wallpaper?

    What if you've discovered some old shares in bearer form? Follow our tips and find out what they're worth.
  2. Investing Basics

    How To Create A Modern Fixed-Income Portfolio

    Exposure to different asset classes is required to generate income, reduce risk and beat inflation. Find out how bonds can help.
  3. Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Basics Of Municipal Bonds

    Investing in these bonds may offer a tax-free income stream but they are not without risks.
  4. Personal Finance

    Bearer Bonds: From Popular To Prohibited

    These coupon bonds are transferable, negotiable and anonymous - so why aren't they sold in the U.S.?
  5. Investing

    How does the money from the interest on my bond get to me?

    When you buy a regular coupon bond, you are entitled to a coupon, which is typically paid at regular intervals, and the face value of the bond (the amount you initially invested), which is typically ...
  6. Options & Futures

    Writing Covered Calls On ETFs

    The strategy of writing covered calls on ETFs can limit your losses and hedge risk, but they cap your upside potential.
  7. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What determines the price of a bond in the open market?

    Learn more about some of the factors that influence the valuation of bonds on the open market, and why bond prices and yields move in opposite directions.
  8. Taxes

    Why should I keep records on my tax-exempt bond transactions?

    Keep your purchase records on all investments, including tax-exempt bonds. Though the interest is tax-free, you may owe taxes if you sell your bond for a gain.
  9. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What causes a bond's price to rise?

    Learn about factors that influence the price of a bond, such as interest rate changes, credit rating, yield and overall market sentiments.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    How can I find good investments among lower rated bonds?

    Invest in high-yield bonds through mutual funds, exchange-traded funds or closed-end funds, leaving the job of finding a good deal to an expert.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  2. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
  3. Special Administrative Region - SAR

    Unique geographical areas with a high degree of autonomy set up by the People's Republic of China. The Special Administrative ...
  4. Annual Percentage Rate - APR

    The annual rate that is charged for borrowing (or made by investing), expressed as a single percentage number that represents ...
  5. Free Carrier - FCA

    A trade term requiring the seller to deliver goods to a named airport, terminal, or other place where the carrier operates. ...
  6. Law Of Supply And Demand

    A theory explaining the interaction between the supply of a resource and the demand for that resource. The law of supply ...
Trading Center