Below Full Employment Equilibrium

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Below Full Employment Equilibrium'

A macroeconomic term used to describe a situation where an economy's short-run real gross domestic product (GDP) is currently lower than that same economy's long-run potential real GDP. Under this scenario, there is a recessionary gap between the two levels of GDP (measured by the difference between potential GDP and current GDP) that would have been produced had the economy been in long-run equilibrium.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Below Full Employment Equilibrium'

When an economy is currently below its long-run real GDP level, there will be economic unemployment of resources, which will lead to an economic recession. The long-run real GDP level represents what an economy can produce had it been under full employment.

Full employment means the economy is utilizing all input resources (labor, capital, land, etc.) to its fullest potential. At full employment, there will still be natural unemployment in the labor market. This is unavoidable.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Business Cycle

    The fluctuations in economic activity that an economy experiences ...
  2. Disguised Unemployment

    Unemployment that does not affect aggregate output. Disguised ...
  3. Recessionary Gap

    A term routed in macroeconomic theory that summarizes the situation ...
  4. Full Employment

    A situation in which all available labor resources are being ...
  5. Gross Domestic Product - GDP

    The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced ...
  6. Economy

    The large set of inter-related economic production and consumption ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. What is GDP and why is it so important to investors?

    The gross domestic product (GDP) is one the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between term structure and a yield curve?

    There is no difference between term structure and a yield curve; the yield curve is simply another name to describe the term ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the opposite of a "dove"?

    A dove is an economic policy adviser who favors maintaining low interest rates in hopes of stimulating the economy, while ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why do economists think it is important to track discretionary income?

    Economists track discretionary, and disposable, income as a proxy for the growth in the financial health of average citizens ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do you calculate GDP with the expenditures approach?

    To calculate gross domestic product, or GDP, with the expenditures approach, add up the sums of all consumer spending, government ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How can I use a regression to see the correlation between prices and interest rates?

    In statistics, regression analysis is a widely used technique to uncover relationships among variables and determine whether ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Economics

    Why The Consumer Price Index Is Controversial

    Find out why economists are torn about how to calculate inflation.
  2. Options & Futures

    Explaining The World Through Macroeconomic Analysis

    From unemployment and inflation to government policy, learn what macroeconomics measures and how it affects everyone.
  3. Economics

    The Importance Of Inflation And GDP

    Learn the underlying theories behind these concepts and what they can mean for your portfolio.
  4. Personal Finance

    Financial Tips For People Who Hate Finance

    For people who hate financial planning, there's usually one big problem – which you can fix. Do it now.
  5. Investing

    Seven Investing Books For Your Summer Reading List

    It’s almost 4th of July, the season of summer reading. Picking up a book during your holiday can be a great opportunity to learn more investing.
  6. Economics

    What is a Resident Alien?

    A resident alien is a foreigner who is a permanent resident of the country in which he or she resides but does not have citizenship.
  7. Economics

    Explaining Protectionism

    Protectionism is government measures that limit imports into a country to protect commerce within that country against foreign competition.
  8. Fundamental Analysis

    Understanding the Profitability Index

    The profitability index (PI) is a modification of the net present value method of assessing an investment’s attractiveness.
  9. Economics

    What is Neoliberalism?

    Neoliberalism is a little-used term to describe an economy where the government has few, if any, controls on economic factors.
  10. Economics

    Understanding Natural Unemployment

    Natural unemployment is often defined as the lowest rate of unemployment an economy will reach.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Radner Equilibrium

    A theory suggesting that if economic decision makers have unlimited computational capacity for choice among strategies, then ...
  2. Inbound Cash Flow

    Any currency that a company or individual receives through conducting a transaction with another party. Inbound cash flow ...
  3. Social Security

    A United States federal program of social insurance and benefits developed in 1935. The Social Security program's benefits ...
  4. American Dream

    The belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version ...
  5. Multicurrency Note Facility

    A credit facility that finances short- to medium-term Euro notes. Multicurrency note facilities are denominated in many currencies. ...
  6. National Currency

    The currency or legal tender issued by a nation's central bank or monetary authority. The national currency of a nation is ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!