Best Efforts


DEFINITION of 'Best Efforts'

An agreement in which an underwriter promises to make a full-fledged attempt to sell as much of an initial public offering as possible to the public. Best effort agreements are used mainly for securities with higher risk, such as unseasoned offerings, or in less-than-ideal market conditions.

BREAKING DOWN 'Best Efforts'

Best efforts relieve underwriters from responsibility for any unsold inventory in the event that they are unable to sell all the securities. The underwriter does not guarantee that it will sell the entire IPO issue in a best efforts agreement. Such an agreement limits the underwriter's risk, but also limits the underwriter's upside because it receives a flat fee for its services.

Underwriters and issuers can handle IPOs in different ways. In contrast to a best-efforts agreement, a bought deal requires the underwriter to purchase the entire IPO issue and the underwriter's profit is based on how many shares it sells, and the spread between the discounted purchase price and the sale price of the shares to the public.

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  5. Initial Public Offering - IPO

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  1. When is it beneficial for underwriters to sell stock below the minimum rate?

    It is beneficial for underwriters to sell stock below the minimum rate if it enables them to liquidate a position in a security ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do underwriters make guarantees to sell an entire IPO issue?

    Underwriters represent the group of representatives from an investment bank whose main responsibility is to complete the ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can mutual funds invest in IPOs?

    Mutual funds can invest in initial public offerings (IPOS). However, most mutual funds have bylaws that prevent them from ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What kind of assets can be traded on a secondary market?

    Virtually all types of financial assets and investing instruments are traded on secondary markets, including stocks, bonds, ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why would a company decide to utilize H-shares over A-shares in its IPO?

    A company would decide to utilize H shares over A shares in its initial public offering (IPO) if that company believes it ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I place a buy limit order if I want to buy a stock during an initial public ...

    During an initial public offering, or IPO, a trader may place a buy limit order by choosing "Buy" and "Limit" in the order ... Read Full Answer >>

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