Binary Option

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Binary Option'

A type of option in which the payoff is structured to be either a fixed amount of compensation if the option expires in the money, or nothing at all if the option expires out of the money. The success of a binary option is thus based on a yes/no proposition, hence “binary”. A binary option automatically exercises, meaning the option holder does not have the choice to buy or sell the underlying asset.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Binary Option'

Investors may find binary options attractive because of their apparent simplicity, especially since  the investor must essentially only guess whether something specific will or will not happen. For example, a binary option may be as simple as whether the share price of ABC Company will be above $25 on November 22nd at 10:45 am. If ABC’s share price is $27 at the appointed time, the option automatically exercises and the option holder gets a preset amount of cash.

Binary options are significantly different from vanilla options. They are occasionally traded on platforms regulated by the SEC and other regulatory agencies, but are most likely traded over the Internet on platforms existing outside of regulations. Because these platforms operate outside of regulations, investors are at greater risk of fraud. For example, a binary options trading platform may require the investor to deposit a sum of money to purchase the option. If the option expires out-of-the-money, meaning the investor chose the wrong proposition, the trading platform may take the entire sum of deposited money with no refund provided.  

RELATED TERMS
  1. Asset-Or-Nothing Call Option

    A derivative security for which there is no payoff unless the ...
  2. Asset-or-Nothing Put Option

    An option payoff that is equal to the asset's price if the asset ...
  3. Cash-Or-Nothing Call

    An exotic option whose payoff is a predetermined amount (sometimes ...
  4. Cash-or-Nothing Put

    An exotic option whose payoff is a specified fixed price (sometimes ...
  5. Expiration Date (Derivatives)

    The last day that an options or futures contract is valid. When ...
  6. At The Money

    A situation where an option's strike price is identical to the ...
Related Articles
  1. This article is based on binary options issued outside the U.S.
    Options & Futures

    What You Need To Know About Binary Options Outside The U.S.

    Binary or digital options are a simple way to trade price fluctuations in multiple global markets.
  2. Options & Futures

    The Benefits And Value Of Stock Options

    The pros and cons of corporate stock options have been debated since the incentive was created. Learn more about stock option basics and the cost of stock options.
  3. Options & Futures

    The 4 Advantages of Options

    Flexible and cost efficient, options are more popular than ever. Find out why.
  4. Options & Futures

    What happens to my call options if the underlying company is bought out?

    Typically, the announcement of a buyout offer by another company is a good thing for shareholders in the company that is being purchased. This is because the offer is generally at a premium to ...
  5. Options & Futures

    What are the most common momentum oscillators used in options trading?

    Read about some of the most common technical momentum oscillators that options traders use, and learn why momentum is a critical concept for options trading.
  6. Options & Futures

    How are Bollinger Bands® used in options trading?

    Use Bollinger Bands to identify volatility changes and place options trades at the right time; profit in bull or bear markets using these strategies.
  7. Options & Futures

    Stock Futures vs Stock Options

    A full analysis of when is it better to trade stock futures vs when is it better to trade options on a particular stock. A quick overview of how each of them works and why would a trader, investor, ...
  8. First time stock investors may ask, is there any way to buy insurance on stocks to prevent losses?
    Options & Futures

    Stock Safety: Top 3 Ways to Limit Your Losses

    First time stock investors may ask, is there any way to buy insurance on stocks to prevent losses?
  9. Options & Futures

    Applying Binary Options To Equity Markets

    A binary option payout depends on the outcome of a “yes” or “no” proposition, related to the difference between underlying asset price and strike price.
  10. Investors can use derivative securities to effectively buy insurance on their individual holdings or on their portfolio as a whole.
    Options & Futures

    Can You Buy Stock Insurace? 3 Strategies to Limit Stock Losses

    Investors can use derivative securities to effectively buy insurance on their individual holdings or on their portfolio as a whole.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Santa Claus Rally

    A surge in the price of stocks that often occurs in the week between Christmas and New Year's Day. There are numerous explanations ...
  2. Commodity

    1. A basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are most often ...
  3. Deferred Revenue

    Advance payments or unearned revenue, recorded on the recipient's balance sheet as a liability, until the services have been ...
  4. Multinational Corporation - MNC

    A corporation that has its facilities and other assets in at least one country other than its home country. Such companies ...
  5. SWOT Analysis

    A tool that identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic, ...
  6. Simple Interest

    A quick method of calculating the interest charge on a loan. Simple interest is determined by multiplying the interest rate ...
Trading Center