Blue Collar

What is a 'Blue Collar'

The term "blue collar" refers to a type of employment. Blue-collar jobs are typically classified as involving manual labor and compensation by an hourly wage. Some fields that fall into this category include construction, manufacturing, maintenance and mining. Those who have this sort of job are characterized as members of the working class.

BREAKING DOWN 'Blue Collar'

Classifying workers by the color of their shirts dates back to the early 1920s.  At the time, many of those in trade occupations (coal miners, masons, bricklayers, boilermakers, welders), who did physical labor in all sorts of temperatures, tended to wear darker colors, which didn't show dirt as readily; it was not unusual to see them wearing boiler suits, chambray shirts, overalls and jeans all in the color blue. They stood in contrast to white collar employees, men (and increasingly women), who held salaried positions and performed non-manual labor in an office setting – and invariably wore clean, pressed white shirts, which they could afford to launder frequently.

Other types of colored collar categories of workers include pink collar, green collar, gold collar and gray collar. Unlike white and blue collars, the other categories  are not derived from the workers wearing any particular color of shirts. Green collar workers refer to employees in conservation and sustainability sectors. Pink collars are employees who work in service fields – store salespeople, waiters, secretaries, receptionists, or elementary school teachers (the word "pink" referring to the fact that women have traditionally held these posts). Gold collars are found in specialized fields of law and medicine – a reference, perhaps, to the high salaries these professions command. Gray collars refer to those, like engineers, who are officially white collar but perform blue-collar tasks regularly as part of their jobs.

Education and Earning Power

Originally, a blue-collar job did not require the worker to have much education or even expertise in the slated job field (again, in contrast to a white-collar position, which demanded at least a high-school diploma and, in later decades, some college). Today, however, the term ‘blue collar’ has evolved, and it's common to find workers in this role who are formally educated, skilled and highly paid. Although blue collared work still entails maintaining or building something, advancements in technology have seen more blue collared workers in industries such as aeronautics, film-making, electronics and energy. As of 2017, although they may not require a four-year college degree, some blue-collar jobs require highly skilled personnel, with specialized training and a license or certificate from an apprenticeship program or trade school.

Do not mistake today's blue-collar jobs for easy to land, easy to keep or low-paying ones. And not all blue collar occupations pay less than white collar jobs, either. Workers in some trades fields earn more annually than salaried counterparts. For example, nuclear technicians, elevator installers, and subway operators earn about $60,000 to $70,000 per year, which is higher than what the average college graduate earns after graduation. Since most blue collar jobs pay by the hour, working overtime could mean that a blue collar worker can earn six figures in any given year. Some blue collar jobs also pay by the project or follow a salary scheme.

In short, in the 21st Century the color of your collar doesn't necessarily dictate the level of your income. Here is a list of the most lucrative blue-collar jobs, derived from the National Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, which is published by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The positions are ranked by annual salary, from highest to lowest, excluding overtime.

The Top 10 Paying Blue Collar Jobs

1. Elevator Installer and Repairer

  • Average salary: $87,518
  • Average hourly wage: $42.08
  • Average work week: 40 hours

2. Electrical and Electronics Repairer – Powerhouse, Substation and Relay

  • Average salary: $68,084
  • Average hourly wage: $32.75
  • Average work week: 40 hours

3. Power Plant Operator, Distributor and Dispatcher

  • Average salary: $65,846
  • Average hourly wage: $31.50
  • Average work week: 40 hours

4. Gas Plant Operator

  • Average salary: $63,872
  • Average hourly wage: $30.71
  • Average work week: 40 hours

5. Locomotive Engineer

  • Average salary: $63,125
  • Average hourly wage: $28.27
  • Average work week: 42.5 hours

6. Electrical Power Line Installer and Repairer

  • Average salary: $60,354
  • Average hourly wage: $29.02
  • Average work week: 40 hours

7. Structural Iron and Steel Worker

  • Average salary: $59,224
  • Average hourly wage: $28.55
  • Average work week: 39.9 hours

8. Construction and Building Inspector

  • Average salary: $59,144
  • Average hourly wage: $28.31
  • Average work week: 40.2 hours

9. Ship and Boat Captain and Operator

  • Average salary: $57,910
  • Average hourly wage: $24.86
  • Average work week: 51.8 hours

10. Radio and Telecommunications Equipment Installer

  • Average salary: $57,149
  • Average hourly wage: $27.48
  • Average work week: 39.9 hours