Board of Governors

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Board of Governors'

A board of governors is a several-member group that oversees or manages the running of an institution. The U.S. Postal Service, the BBC, the World Bank, and numerous colleges and universities all have boards of governors.

In the financial world, the best known board of governors is that of the Federal Reserve. It is a federal government agency with seven members, appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate, along with 1,800 in staff.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Board of Governors'

The Federal Reserve board analyzes domestic and international economic developments, supervises and regulates the operations of the Federal Reserve Banks, has responsibility for Americas payments system, and oversees and administers most consumer credit protection laws. The board of governors has seven of the 12 seats on the Federal Open Market Committee, which determines U.S. monetary policy. The board alone has authority over changes in reserve requirements, and it must approve any change in the discount rate initiated by a Federal Reserve Bank.

Members of the board frequently testify before congressional committees on the economy, monetary policy, banking supervision and regulation, consumer credit protection, and financial markets.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial ...
  2. Boardroom

    Besides the general definition as a meeting room in an office, ...
  3. Thrift Institutions Advisory Council

    A council that advises the Federal Reserve board of governors ...
  4. Federal Reserve System - FRS

    The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly ...
  5. Federal Open Market Committee - ...

    The branch of the Federal Reserve Board that determines the direction ...
  6. Federal Reserve Board - FRB

    The governing body of the Federal Reserve System. The seven members ...
Related Articles
  1. Forces Behind Interest Rates
    Economics

    Forces Behind Interest Rates

  2. How The Federal Reserve Manages Money ...
    Personal Finance

    How The Federal Reserve Manages Money ...

  3. How The Federal Reserve Was Formed
    Personal Finance

    How The Federal Reserve Was Formed

  4. Is The U.S. Government Too Big To Fail?
    Retirement

    Is The U.S. Government Too Big To Fail?

Hot Definitions
  1. Gross Rate Of Return

    The total rate of return on an investment before the deduction of any fees or expenses. The gross rate of return is quoted ...
  2. Debit Spread

    Two options with different market prices that an investor trades on the same underlying security. The higher priced option ...
  3. Leading Indicator

    A measurable economic factor that changes before the economy starts to follow a particular pattern or trend. Leading indicators ...
  4. Wage-Price Spiral

    A macroeconomic theory to explain the cause-and-effect relationship between rising wages and rising prices, or inflation. ...
  5. Accelerated Depreciation

    Any method of depreciation used for accounting or income tax purposes that allows greater deductions in the earlier years ...
  6. Call Risk

    The risk, faced by a holder of a callable bond, that a bond issuer will take advantage of the callable bond feature and redeem ...
Trading Center