Bond Discount


DEFINITION of 'Bond Discount'

The amount by which the market price of a bond is lower than its principal amount due at maturity. This amount, called its par value, is often $1,000. As bond prices are quoted as a percent of face value, a price of 98.00 means that the bond is selling for 98% of its face value of $1,000.00 and the bond discount is 2%.

BREAKING DOWN 'Bond Discount'

Bonds trade at a discount to par value for a number of reasons. Bonds on the secondary market with fixed coupons will trade at discounts when market interest rates rise. While the investor receives the same coupon, the bond is discounted to match prevailing market yields. Discounts also occur when bond supply exceeds demand, when the bond's credit rating is lowered, or when the perceived risk of default increases. Conversely, falling interest rates or an improved credit rating may cause a bond to trade at a premium.

  1. Coupon

    The annual interest rate paid on a bond, expressed as a percentage ...
  2. Discount Bond

    A bond that is issued for less than its par (or face) value, ...
  3. Par Value

    The face value of a bond. Par value for a share refers to the ...
  4. Effective Interest Method

    The practice of accounting for the discount at which a bond is ...
  5. Net Interest Cost (NIC)

    A mathematical formula that an issuer of bonds uses to compute ...
  6. Bond Rating

    A grade given to bonds that indicates their credit quality. Private ...
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Junk Bonds: Everything You Need To Know

    Don't be fooled by the name - junk bonds may be for you if you know how to analyze them.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Understanding Bond Prices and Yields

    Understanding this relationship can help an investor in any market.
  3. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Climb The Bond Ladder To Higher Income

    Whether it's learning how to ladder bonds or finding alternatives, investors seeking better returns need to be more active.
  4. Bonds & Fixed Income

    How Bond Market Pricing Works

    Learn the basic rules that govern how bond prices are determined.
  5. Investing Basics

    Calculating The Present And Future Value Of Annuities

    Here's everything you need to account for when calculating the present and future value of annuities.
  6. Professionals

    Common Interview Questions for Fixed Income Traders

    Discover a list of potential questions and answers commonly asked in job interviews for a candidate applying for a position as a fixed-income trader.
  7. Investing

    In Search of the Rate-Proof Portfolio

    After October’s better-than-expected employment report, a December Federal Reserve (Fed) liftoff is looking more likely than it was earlier this fall.
  8. Investing

    Where the Price is Right for Dividends

    There are two broad schools of thought for equity income investing: The first pays the highest dividend yields and the second focuses on healthy yields.
  9. Professionals

    Credit Risk Analyst: Job Description and Average Salary

    Learn what credit risk analysts do every day and how much money they make on average, and identify the skills and education needed for this career.
  10. Financial Advisors

    Ditching High-Yield Bonds for Plain Vanilla Ones

    In a low-rate environment, it's tempting to go for higher yield bonds. However, you might be better off sticking with the plain vanilla ones.
  1. Are high-yield bonds better investments than low-yield bonds?

    Most bonds typically make periodic payments, known as coupon payments, to the bondholder. A bond's indenture, which will ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. If the price of the bond falls, does that mean the company won't pay me the par value?

    When you buy a bond, you are loaning money to the issuer. Because a bond is a loan, the interest paid to the bondholder is ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What does it mean when a bond is selling at a premium? Is it a good investment?

    When the terms premium and discount are used in reference to bonds, they are telling investors that the purchase price of ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How many free credit reports can you get per year?

    Individuals with valid Social Security numbers are permitted to receive up to three credit reports every 12 months rather ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the maximum Social Security disability benefits?

    The average Social Security disability benefit amount for a recipient of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) in 2 ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do I calculate the future value of an annuity?

    When planning for retirement, it is important to have a good idea of how much income you can rely on each year. There are ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Bar Chart

    A style of chart used by some technical analysts, on which, as illustrated below, the top of the vertical line indicates ...
  2. Bullish Engulfing Pattern

    A chart pattern that forms when a small black candlestick is followed by a large white candlestick that completely eclipses ...
  3. Cyber Monday

    An expression used in online retailing to describe the Monday following U.S. Thanksgiving weekend. Cyber Monday is generally ...
  4. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
Trading Center