Bond Valuation

What is 'Bond Valuation'

Bond valuation is a technique for determining the fair value of a particular bond. Bond valuation includes calculating the present value of the bond's future interest payments, also known as its cash flow, and the bond's value upon maturity, also known as its face value or par value. Because a bond's par value and interest payments are fixed, an investor uses bond valuation to determine what rate of return is required for an investment in a particular bond to be worthwhile.

BREAKING DOWN 'Bond Valuation'

Bond valuation is only one of the factors investors consider in determining whether to invest in a particular bond. Other important considerations are: the issuing company's creditworthiness, which determines whether a bond is investment-grade or junk; the bond's price appreciation potential, as determined by the issuing company's growth prospects; and prevailing market interest rates and whether they are projected to go up or down in the future.

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RELATED FAQS
  1. What determines the price of a bond in the open market?

    Learn more about some of the factors that influence the valuation of bonds on the open market, and why bond prices and yields ... Read Answer >>
  2. Will the price of a premium bond be higher or lower than its par value?

    Find out why the selling price of a premium bond is always higher than its par value, including how changing interest rates ... Read Answer >>
  3. How does face value differ from the price of a bond?

    Discover how bonds are traded as investment securities and understand the various terms used in bond trading, including par ... Read Answer >>
  4. Should investors focus more on the current yield or face value of a bond?

    Find out when investors should focus on a bond's current yield versus its face value, including an example of how current ... Read Answer >>
  5. What happens to the price of a premium bond as it approaches maturity?

    Learn how bonds trade in regard to premiums and discounts, and how bond prices shift closer to par value as bonds approach ... Read Answer >>
  6. Why is my bond worth less than face value?

    Find out how bonds can be issued or traded for less than their listed face values, and learn what causes bond prices to fluctuate ... Read Answer >>
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