Branch Banking


DEFINITION of 'Branch Banking'

Engaging in banking activities such as accepting deposits or making loans at facilities away from a bank's home office. Branch banking has gone through significant changes since the 1980s in response to a more competitive nationwide financial services market. Financial innovation such as internet banking will greatly influence the future of branch banking by potentially reducing the need to maintain extensive branch networks to service consumers.

BREAKING DOWN 'Branch Banking'

The Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking & Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 authorized well-capitalized banks to acquire branch offices, or open new ones, anywhere in the United States outside their home states after June 1, 1997. Most states passed laws enabling interstate branching prior to that date. Branch banking networks are gradually evolving into multistate financial services networks where depositors can access their accounts from any banking office.

  1. Multibank Holding Company

    A company that owns or controls two or more banks. Mutlibank ...
  2. Branch Accounting

    An accounting system in which separate accounts are maintained ...
  3. Loan-To-Deposit Ratio - LTD

    A commonly used statistic for assessing a bank's liquidity by ...
  4. Shell Branch

    A branch location of a U.S. chartered bank located outside the ...
  5. Mini-Branch

    A special type of bank branch that offers only limited products ...
  6. Bank

    A financial institution licensed as a receiver of deposits. There ...
Related Articles
  1. Fundamental Analysis

    Analyzing A Bank's Financial Statements

    A careful review of a bank's financial statements can help you identify key factors in a potential investment.
  2. Options & Futures

    The Ins And Outs Of Bank Fees

    These service charges could nickel and dime you right out of your nest egg.
  3. Options & Futures

    Choose To Beat The Bank

    From internet banking to credit unions, it's in your power to cut fees and maximize service.
  4. Stock Analysis

    JP Morgan Chase & Co. Vs. Bank of America Stock

    Examine two of the big four U.S. money center banks, Bank of America Corporation and JPMorgan Chase & Company, by comparing important equity evaluation metrics.
  5. Economics

    What is a Loan Loss Provision?

    Banks set aside loan loss provisions to cover losses from bad loans.
  6. Economics

    Understanding Retail Banking

    Retail banking refers to the mass-marketed, consumer-oriented products and services offered by the local branch of the commercial bank.
  7. Credit & Loans

    Refinance Vs. Debt Restructuring: What's Best For Your Credit Score?

    Discover key differences between refinancing and restructuring debt in regard to terms, the negotiation process and effect on credit scores.
  8. Investing Basics

    Explaining Rehypothecation

    Rehypothecation occurs when an asset used as collateral for one party is reused in another transaction.
  9. Technical Indicators

    Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Retail Banks

    Learn about key financial metrics that investors use to evaluate retail banks, and how the industry is fundamentally different from most other industries.
  10. Economics

    What's an Irrevocable Letter of Credit?

    An irrevocable letter of credit (ILOC) is a financing vehicle used to facilitate commerce between two parties who are not familiar with one another.
  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages to dealing with internet-only banks?

    In recent years, large companies have set up internet-only banks as a means of diversifying into the financial sector and ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How does a bank determine what my discretionary income is when making a loan decision?

    Discretionary income is the money left over from your gross income each month after taking out taxes and paying for necessities. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What net interest margin is typical for a bank?

    In the United States, the average net interest margin for banks was 3.03% in the first quarter of 2015. However, this was ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the main benchmarks that track the banking sector?

    The appropriate benchmarks for tracking banking sector performance depend on the type of banking. For instance, commercial-only ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the major categories of financial institutions and what are their primary ...

    In today's financial services marketplace, a financial institution exists to provide a wide variety of deposit, lending and ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What is the difference between an investment and a retail bank?

    The activities and types of clients for an investment bank versus those for a retail bank highlight the primary difference ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Real Estate Investment Trust - REIT

    A REIT is a type of security that invests in real estate through property or mortgages and often trades on major exchanges ...
  2. Section 1231 Property

    A tax term relating to depreciable business property that has been held for over a year. Section 1231 property includes buildings, ...
  3. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  4. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  5. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  6. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!