Broad-Based Weighted Average Ratchet

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Broad-Based Weighted Average Ratchet'

A mechanism seen in early-stage, pre-public companies in response to a subsequent round of financing that involves issuing shares at a lower price than first-stage investors received. A broad-based weighted average ratchet almost always involves preferred stock, in which early investors have a conversion price ("price X"), while a later round of investors receive preferred shares with a lower conversion price ("price Y"). A weighted average price is calculated that will effectively reprice the shares issued at price X and price Y to the value of:

[(Price X) * (shares issued at Price X)] + [(Price Y) * (shares issued at Price Y)] / Total Outstanding Shares on a Fully Diluted Basis

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Broad-Based Weighted Average Ratchet'

The company issuing the shares would prefer to not make any adjustments to preferred shares with higher conversion prices, but most venture-capital groups and investors will insist on a clause that protects their interests in the event that a lower round of financing (also called a "down round") occurs in the future.

In a broad-based ratchet, all rights of ownership (real or potential) are counted in the denominator of "total shares", whether they are preferred or convertible shares, warrants, or options. In a narrow-based ratchet, only common stock outstanding is used to compute the weighted-average price of shares to all investors.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Convertible Preferred Stock

    Preferred stock that includes an option for the holder to convert ...
  2. Venture Capital

    Money provided by investors to startup firms and small businesses ...
  3. Angel Investor

    An investor who provides financial backing for small startups ...
  4. Liquid Asset

    An asset that can be converted into cash quickly and with minimal ...
  5. Common Stock

    A security that represents ownership in a corporation. Holders ...
  6. Return On Equity - ROE

    The amount of net income returned as a percentage of shareholders ...
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    A Primer On Preferred Stocks

    Offering both income and relative security, these uncommon shares may work for you.
  2. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Introduction To Convertible Preferred Shares

    These securities offer an answer for investors who want the profit potential of stocks but not the risk.
  3. Investing Basics

    IPO Lock-Ups Stop Insider Selling

    Ownership plays a key role when companies go public. Find out how.
  4. Options & Futures

    What is the difference between arbitrage and hedging?

    Dive into two very important financial concepts: arbitrage and hedging. See how each of these strategies can play a role for savvy investors.
  5. Options & Futures

    A Detailed Look Into China's Options Market

    As the Chinese options market gradually takes shape, we provide an overview, including details of the initial phase and building blocks, primary beneficiaries, the impact on the overall financial ...
  6. Options & Futures

    How do you trade put options on E*TRADE?

    Learn all about put option trading at E*TRADE. Explore margin accounts and become familiar with the different types of option writing.
  7. Trading Systems & Software

    How do you trade put options on Ameritrade?

    Learn about option trading with TD Ameritrade. Explore the different types of options and their possible impacts on the investors that write them.
  8. Bonds & Fixed Income

    What are the benefits and drawbacks of owning preferred stock and common stock?

    Owning a share of a company can be accomplished through the purchase of common or preferred stock, but there are benefits and drawbacks for each option.
  9. Investing Basics

    What is common stock and preferred stock?

    Learn about the differences between common and preferred shares. Explore situations where preferred shares have more favorable rights of ownership.
  10. Options & Futures

    Avoid These 10 Mistakes When Trading in Cheap Options

    Cheap options can be very risky. Reduce your risk by avoiding these 10 common mistakes in trading in cheap options.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Multiplier Effect

    The expansion of a country's money supply that results from banks being able to lend. The size of the multiplier effect depends ...
  2. Command Economy

    A system where the government, rather than the free market, determines what goods should be produced, how much should be ...
  3. Prospectus

    A formal legal document, which is required by and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, that provides details ...
  4. Treasury Bond - T-Bond

    A marketable, fixed-interest U.S. government debt security with a maturity of more than 10 years. Treasury bonds make interest ...
  5. Weight Of Ice, Snow Or Sleet Insurance

    Financial protection against damage caused to property by winter weather specifically, damage caused if a roof caves in because ...
  6. Weather Insurance

    A type of protection against a financial loss that may be incurred because of rain, snow, storms, wind, fog, undesirable ...
Trading Center