Budget Surplus


DEFINITION of 'Budget Surplus'

A situation in which income exceeds expenditures. The term "budget surplus" is most commonly used to refer to the financial situations of governments; individuals speak of "savings" rather than a "budget surplus." A surplus is considered a sign that government is being run efficiently. A budget surplus might be used to pay off debt, save for the future, or to make a desired purchase that has been delayed. A city government that had a surplus might use the money to make improvements to a run-down park, for example.


Loading the player...

BREAKING DOWN 'Budget Surplus'

When spending exceeds income, the result is a budget deficit, which must be financed by borrowing money and paying interest on the borrowed funds, much like an individual spending more than he can afford and carrying a balance on a credit card. A balanced budget occurs when spending equals income. The U.S. government has only had a budget surplus in a few years since 1950. The Clinton administration (1993-2001) famously cured a large budget deficit and created a surplus in the late 1990s.

  1. Performance Budget

    A budget that reflects the input of resources and the output ...
  2. Balanced Budget

    A situation in financial planning or the budgeting process where ...
  3. Revenue Deficit

    When the net amount received (revenues less expenditures) falls ...
  4. Cash Budget

    An estimation of the cash inflows and outflows for a business ...
  5. Static Budget

    A type of budget that incorporates anticipated values about inputs ...
  6. Budget

    An estimation of the revenue and expenses over a specified future ...
Related Articles
  1. Budgeting

    This Is the Year to Start Budgeting

    Whether your issue is credit card debt, student loans (or the fact that Social Security isn't rising next year), it's time to learn how to build a budget.
  2. Economics

    Explaining Budget Surplus

    Budget surplus is an economic term describing a situation where revenue exceeds expenditures.
  3. Entrepreneurship

    Six Steps To A Better Business Budget

    This easy but essential process helps owners ensure that their businesses can stay afloat.
  4. Bonds & Fixed Income

    A Look At National Debt And Government Bonds

    Learn the functions of the U.S. Treasury, and find out how and why it issues debt.
  5. Options & Futures

    Top 5 Budgeting Questions Answered

    You don't need a degree to understand your money, begin saving and pay down debt.
  6. Budgeting

    6 Months To A Better Budget

    Can you have perfect abs in just six minutes a day? Maybe not, but you can have a rock-solid budget in six months.
  7. Entrepreneurship

    Run Your Finances Like A Business

    Think of yourself as your own little company. To make it run smoothly, you need to take a look at your books.
  8. Budgeting

    How Budgeting Works For Companies

    Learn how to break down and understand a corporate budget.
  9. Personal Finance

    How Tech Can Help with 3 Behavioral Finance Biases

    Even if you’re a finance or statistics expert, you’re not immune to common decision-making mistakes that can negatively impact your finances.
  10. Savings

    These 10 Habits Will Help You Reach Financial Freedom

    Learn 10 key habits for achieving financial freedom, including smart budgeting, staying abreast of new tax deductions and the importance of proper maintenance.
  1. How does a bank determine what my discretionary income is when making a loan decision?

    Discretionary income is the money left over from your gross income each month after taking out taxes and paying for necessities. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the range of deductibles offered with various health insurance plans?

    A wide range of possible deductibles are available with health insurance plans, starting as low as a few hundred dollars ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How do I know how much of my income should be discretionary?

    While there is no hard rule for how much of a person's income should be discretionary, Inc. magazine points out that it would ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What proportion of my income should I put into my demand deposit account?

    Generally speaking, aim to keep between two months and six months worth of your fixed expenses in your demand deposit accounts. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do I use the rule of 72 to estimate compounding periods?

    The rule of 72 is best used to estimate compounding periods that are factors of two (2, 4, 12, 200 and so on). This is because ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How much risk is associated with subprime mortgages?

    A large amount of risk is associated with subprime mortgages. Since the mortgages are specifically for people who do not ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  2. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  3. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
  4. Black Monday

    October 19, 1987, when the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) lost almost 22% in a single day. That event marked the beginning ...
  5. Monetary Policy

    Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and ...
  6. Indemnity

    Indemnity is compensation for damages or loss. Indemnity in the legal sense may also refer to an exemption from liability ...
Trading Center