Business Economics

What is 'Business Economics'

Business economics is the study of the financial issues and challenges faced by corporations operating in a specified marketplace or economy. Business economics deals with issues such as business organization, management, expansion and strategy. Studies might include how and why corporations expand, the impact of entrepreneurs, the interactions between corporations, and the role of governments in regulation.

BREAKING DOWN 'Business Economics'

Economics refers to the study of the components and functions of a particular marketplace or economy, such as supply and demand and the effect of the concept of scarcity. Within an economy, issues regarding production may be examined, as well as distribution methods. Further, consumption by the associated economy’s population can be analyzed.

Factors Within Business Operations

Business economics focuses on the factors within business operations and how they relate to the economy as a whole. It integrates economic principles and strategies into standard business practices. This can include the acquisition of necessary capital, the generation of profit, the efficiency of production and overall management strategy. It includes issues of how other economic external factors can influence business decisions, such as a change in industry regulation or a sudden price shift in a necessary production materials.

Managerial Economics

Managerial economics focuses on the microeconomic factors that are used in the decision-making process with an organization. Corporations make strategic decisions that can result in a profit or loss. Managerial economic principles guide how and why corporations make certain decisions.

Managerial economics apply to the public and private sectors, and for-profit and not-for-profit organizations alike. All organizations must address issues in the internal and external economies to remain solvent, as all organizations require a source of funding to continue operations.

The goal of managerial economics is to utilize the available resources, maximizing production while minimizing waste. While nonprofits may put their focus on raising donations, for-profits instead focus on sales of goods or services. Each organization wants to limit waste to maximize the overall usefulness of the available resources. Each uses the same principles to meet the associated goals of maintaining the funds necessary to continue working within the economy.

Both also require the same forms of attention and expertise, such as advertising and community or customer support, and require leadership to make decisions regarding the best way to negotiate current economic conditions.

Economics Oriented Associations

In the United States, the National Association for Business Economics (NABE) is the professional association for business economists. The organization's mission is "to provide leadership in the use and understanding of economics." In the United Kingdom, the professional organization is the Society of Business Economists.