Capacity Management

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Capacity Management'

The management of the limits of an organization's resources, such as its labor force, manufacturing and office space, technology and equipment, raw materials, and inventory. Capacity management also deals with the capacity of an organization's processes – for example, new product development or marketing – as well as with capacity constraints that arise when various resources are combined. Since capacity constraints in any process or resource can be a major bottleneck for a company, capacity management is of critical importance in ensuring that an organization operates smoothly.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Capacity Management'

Inadequate or improper capacity management can affect a company's financial performance and impede its business prospects. For example, a company that has introduced an innovative new product and mounted an aggressive marketing campaign to promote it must ensure that it has enough manufacturing capacity to meet the expected surge in demand. If manufacturing capacity is insufficient, the product may be sold out before it is replenished in retail outlets, which could lead to a shortfall in sales and cause disappointed customers to look for other alternatives.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Capacity

    The maximum level of output of goods and/or services that a given ...
  2. Production Possibility Frontier ...

    A curve depicting all maximum output possibilities for two or ...
  3. Output Gap

    An economic measure of the difference between the actual output ...
  4. Capacity Utilization Rate

    A metric used to measure the rate at which potential output levels ...
  5. Excess Capacity

    A situation in which actual production is less than what is achievable ...
  6. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with administering a business on a day to ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do externalities affect equilibrium and create market failure?

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was created in 1945 and is governed by and accountable to its 188 member countries. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why should investors research the C-suite executives of a company?

    C-suite executives are essential for creating and enacting overall firm strategy and are therefore an important aspect of ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the difference between a direct and an indirect distribution channel?

    A direct distribution channel is organized and managed by the firm itself. An indirect distribution channel relies on intermediaries ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can an investor determine a company's annual return from looking at its financial ...

    The funds in a share premium account cannot be used for a company's general expenses. These funds are restricted in terms ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can I calculate funds from operation in Excel?

    In general, the terms "work in progress" and "work in process" are used interchangeably to refer to products midway through ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do companies identify and manage business risk?

    In each stage of the business life cycle, companies face both internal and external risks that can have detrimental effects ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Insurance

    Working Capital Works

    A company's efficiency, financial strength and cash-flow health show in its management of working capital.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Measuring Company Efficiency

    Three useful indicators for measuring a retail company's efficiency are its inventory turnaround times, its receivables and its collection period.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Vital Link: Manufacturing And Economic Recovery

    Manufacturing output is one of the clearest signs that an economy is recovering from a recession.
  4. Economics

    What is a Business Model?

    Business model is the term for a company’s plan as to how it will earn revenue.
  5. Economics

    What's Involved in Customer Service?

    Customer service is the part of a business tasked with enhancing customer satisfaction.
  6. Economics

    What is Involved in Inventory Management?

    Inventory management refers to the theories, functions and management skills involved in controlling an inventory.
  7. Economics

    What Does Accretive Mean?

    In the business world, accretive most often to refers to additional growth from outside sources.
  8. Economics

    Explaining Prime Cost

    Prime cost is a way of measuring the total cost of the production inputs needed to create a given output.
  9. Professionals

    Understanding Operations Management

    Operations management is concerned with converting materials and labor into goods and services as efficiently as possible to maximize profits.
  10. Economics

    Explaining the Value Chain

    A model of how businesses receive raw materials as input, add value to the raw materials, and sell finished products to customers.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Butterfly Spread

    A neutral option strategy combining bull and bear spreads. Butterfly spreads use four option contracts with the same expiration ...
  2. Unlevered Beta

    A type of metric that compares the risk of an unlevered company to the risk of the market. The unlevered beta is the beta ...
  3. Moving Average - MA

    A widely used indicator in technical analysis that helps smooth out price action by filtering out the “noise” from random ...
  4. Yield Curve

    A line that plots the interest rates, at a set point in time, of bonds having equal credit quality, but differing maturity ...
  5. Productivity

    An economic measure of output per unit of input. Inputs include labor and capital, while output is typically measured in ...
  6. Variance

    The spread between numbers in a data set, measuring Variance is calculated by taking the differences between each number ...
Trading Center