DEFINITION of 'Capital Adequacy Ratio  CAR'
A measure of a bank's capital. It is expressed as a percentage of a bank's risk weighted credit exposures.
Also known as "Capital to Risk Weighted Assets Ratio (CRAR)."
INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Capital Adequacy Ratio  CAR'
This ratio is used to protect depositors and promote the stability and efficiency of financial systems around the world.
Two types of capital are measured: tier one capital, which can absorb losses without a bank being required to cease trading, and tier two capital, which can absorb losses in the event of a windingup and so provides a lesser degree of protection to depositors.
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RELATED FAQS

What are some of the wellknown noload funds?
The capital adequacy ratio promotes stability and efficiency of worldwide financial systems and banks. The capital to riskweighted ... Read Full Answer >> 
How do I calculate the capital to risk weight assets ratio for a bank in Excel?
Calculate a bank's capital to riskweighted assets ratio in Microsoft Excel once you determine its tier 1 and tier 2 capital ... Read Full Answer >> 
Why is the capital adequacy ratio important to shareholders?
The capital adequacy ratio (CAR) measures the amount of capital a bank retains compared to its risk. National regulators ... Read Full Answer >> 
What is the difference between the capital adequacy ratio and the leverage ratio?
The capital adequacy ratio, or CAR, is a metric applied specifically to banks, while a common leverage ratio is used by investors ... Read Full Answer >> 
What does it mean when a company has a high capital adequacy ratio?
The capital adequacy ratio, also known as capital to riskweighted assets ratio, measures a bank's financial strength by ... Read Full Answer >> 
What is the difference between the capital adequacy ratio vs. the solvency ratio?
Both the capital adequacy ratio and the solvency ratio provide ways to evaluate a company's debt versus its revenues situation. ... Read Full Answer >>
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