Capitalization Of Profits

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Capitalization Of Profits'

Converting a company's retained earnings, which represent the profits held in the business over time, to capital. The capitalization of profits process involves issuing a stock dividend, or bonus shares, to existing shareholders. This allocation is done on the basis of their existing share holdings, similar to a rights issue.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Capitalization Of Profits'

Capitalization of profits has no impact on shareholders' equity or book value, since it merely transfers funds from retained earnings to paid-up capital. A company may choose to capitalize profits for a number of reasons, such as providing an immediate reward to shareholders or conserving its cash resources.

RELATED TERMS
  1. Rights Offering

    An issue of rights to a company's existing shareholders that ...
  2. Paid-Up Capital

    The amount of a company's capital that has been funded by shareholders. ...
  3. Shareholders' Equity

    A firm's total assets minus its total liabilities. Equivalently, ...
  4. Retained Earnings

    The percentage of net earnings not paid out as dividends, but ...
  5. Capitalization

    1. In accounting, it is where costs to acquire an asset are included ...
  6. Ex Gratia Payment

    A payment made to an individual by an organization, government, ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. When does the fixed charge coverage ratio suggest that a company should stop borrowing ...

    Since the fixed charge coverage ratio indicates the number of times a company is capable of making its fixed charge payments ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What is the difference between the return on total assets and an interest rate?

    Return on total assets (ROTA) represents one of the profitability metrics. It is calculated by taking a company's earnings ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. How can EV/EBITDA be used in conjunction with the P/E ratio?

    Because they provide different perspectives of analysis, the EV/EBITDA multiple and the P/E ratio can be used together to ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How can a company reduce the unsystematic risk of its own security issues?

    Companies can reduce the unsystematic risk of their own security issues simply by doing the most effective job possible of ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How can I find net margin by looking a company's financial statements?

    In finance and accounting, financial statements represent the fundamental means of analyzing a company's financial position, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How is the marginal cost of production used to find an optimum production level?

    The marginal cost of production can be tracked to show the optimal production level where per-unit production cost is lowest ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Bonds & Fixed Income

    Evaluating A Company's Capital Structure

    Learn to use the composition of debt and equity to evaluate balance sheet strength.
  2. Trading Strategies

    Small Caps Boast Big Advantages

    Find out why little companies have the greatest potential for growth.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    Evaluating Retained Earnings: What Gets Kept Counts

    A company's retained earnings matter. Be investment-savvy and learn how to analyze this often overlooked information.
  4. Investing Basics

    How To Evaluate A Micro-Cap Company

    Learn how to think big by investing in smaller stocks.
  5. Investing

    A Guide To Spotting A Reverse Merger

    This corporate action can be profitable for investors who know what to look for.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    Do Stock Splits Cause Volatility?

    Since stock splits decrease the stock price, do they also increase volatility because shares are traded in smaller increments? Investopedia examines assumptions about this increasingly common ...
  7. Brokers

    10 Most Famous Public Companies That Went Private

    Here’s a list of the most popular listed companies that went private in recent decades.
  8. Investing

    Is It Time To Buy Commodities?

    Despite the news, the Athens Stock Exchange is down less than 5 percent year-to-date, while the Shanghai Composite remains up more than 10 percent.
  9. Fundamental Analysis

    Burger King and Tim Hortons Are Better Together

    In August 2014, 3G Capital announced that it was merging Burger King with Canadian coffee chain Tim Hortons to form Restaurant Brands International.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    Macau: Not Your Father's Gambling Destination

    Macau has given Las Vegas casinos a run for their money, but what's behind the scenes? Here's an overview of Macau's gambling industry.

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Xetra

    An all-electronic trading system based in Frankfurt, Germany. Launched in 1997 and operated by the Deutsche Börse, the Xetra ...
  2. Nuncupative Will

    A verbal will that must have two witnesses and can only deal with the distribution of personal property. A nuncupative will ...
  3. OsMA

    An abbreviation for Oscillator - Moving Average. OsMA is used in technical analysis to represent the variance between an ...
  4. Investopedia

    One of the best-known sources of financial information on the internet. Investopedia is a resource for investors, consumers ...
  5. Unfair Claims Practice

    The improper avoidance of a claim by an insurer or an attempt to reduce the size of the claim. By engaging in unfair claims ...
  6. Killer Bees

    An individual or firm that helps a company fend off a takeover attempt. A killer bee uses defensive strategies to keep an ...
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!