Capital Stock

AAA

DEFINITION of 'Capital Stock'

The common and preferred stock a company is authorized to issue, according to their corporate charter. Capital stock represents the size of the equity position of a firm and can be found on the balance sheet (or notes) of a typical financial statement. Firms can both issue more capital stock, or buyback shares that are currently owned by shareholders.

INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS 'Capital Stock'

In financial statement analysis, an increasing capital stock account tends to be a sign of economic health, since the company can use the additional proceeds to invest in projects or machinery that will increase corporate profits and/or efficiency. On the other hand, however, firms that continually issue secondary issues of capital stock may be doing so to raise funds, due to poor company performance.

VIDEO

Loading the player...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Outstanding Shares

    A company's stock currently held by all its shareholders, including ...
  2. Assessable Capital Stock

    The capital stock of any bank or financial institution that could ...
  3. Balance Sheet

    A financial statement that summarizes a company's assets, liabilities ...
  4. Preferred Stock

    A class of ownership in a corporation that has a higher claim ...
  5. Common Stock

    A security that represents ownership in a corporation. Holders ...
  6. Convention Statement

    A document filed by an insurance or reinsurance company that ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Why would you use the TTM (trailing twelve months) rather than the data from the ...

    Public companies report their yearly financial statements along with an annual report. However, financial professionals are ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why is it important for an investor to understand business accounting?

    Investors use financial statements to obtain valuable information used in valuation and credit analysis of companies. Therefore, ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the business consequences of using FIFO vs. LIFO accounting methods?

    If a company uses a first-in, first-out accounting method (FIFO), it's likely that its reported earnings will be higher than ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What advantages does EBTIDA-margin have over other profitability ratios?

    The advantages that EBITDA margin has over other profitability ratios is that it measures a company's financial performance ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How do you analyze inventory on the balance sheet?

    In accounting, inventory represents a company's raw materials, work in progress and finished products. Financial professionals ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What does the operating cash flow ratio measure?

    The operating cash flow ratio measures a company's ability to meet its short-term, or current, liabilities, also known as ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    What is Capital Stock?

    Capital stock refers to the number of authorized shares a corporation may issue, both common and preferred.
  2. Investing Basics

    Reading The Balance Sheet

    Learn about the components of the statement of financial position and how they relate to each other.
  3. Options & Futures

    Advanced Financial Statement Analysis

    Learn what it means to do your homework on a company's performance and reporting practices before investing.
  4. Markets

    Introduction To Fundamental Analysis

    Learn this easy-to-understand technique of analyzing a company's financial statements and reports.
  5. Investing Basics

    What are Ordinary Shares?

    Ordinary shares are any type of shares that are not preferred and don’t pay any type of predetermined dividend amount.
  6. Fundamental Analysis

    What is Quantitative Analysis?

    Quantitative analysis refers to the use of mathematical computations to analyze markets and investments.
  7. Economics

    Explaining Residual Value

    Residual value is a measurement of how much a fixed asset is worth at the end of its lease, or at the end of its useful life.
  8. Economics

    What is the Cash Ratio?

    The cash ratio is the ratio of a company's total cash and cash equivalents to its current liabilities.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Financial Bear 3X (FAZ): Bull in a Bear Suit?

    Why the Financial Bear 3X Direxion ETF looks like a bullish bet.
  10. Fundamental Analysis

    Why Last In First Out Is Banned Under IFRS

    We explain why Last-In-First-Out is banned under IFRS

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Fisher Effect

    An economic theory proposed by economist Irving Fisher that describes the relationship between inflation and both real and ...
  2. Fiduciary

    1. A person legally appointed and authorized to hold assets in trust for another person. The fiduciary manages the assets ...
  3. Expected Return

    The amount one would anticipate receiving on an investment that has various known or expected rates of return. For example, ...
  4. Carrying Value

    An accounting measure of value, where the value of an asset or a company is based on the figures in the company's balance ...
  5. Capital Account

    A national account that shows the net change in asset ownership for a nation. The capital account is the net result of public ...
  6. Brand Equity

    The value premium that a company realizes from a product with a recognizable name as compared to its generic equivalent. ...
Trading Center